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Water Act (2019)

Country/Territory
Estonia
Document type
Legislation
Date
2019
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Subject
Food & nutrition, Sea, Water
Keyword
Potable water Internal trade Marine area EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone Research Authorization/permit Framework law Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution Freshwater resources management Pollution control Water quality standards Sustainable use Water abstraction Water supply Enforcement/compliance Thermal and medicinal waters Sewerage Effluent waste water/discharge Flood Risk assessment/management Groundwater Coastal zone management Hazardous substances International relations/cooperation Special fund Liability/compensation Disasters Early warning system/emergency intervention system Environmental planning Environmental standards Inland waters Monitoring Public health Recreational water use Surface water Sustainable development
Geographical area
Europe, EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA, European Union Countries, Northern Europe
Abstract

This Act provides for grounds for planning and organising the use and protection of water, the implementation of which will promote sustainable water use; water protection requirements which will ensure protection of water resources in the long term; rights, obligations and liability of persons in water use; state supervision over compliance with the requirements for the use and protection of water; and liability for an infringement of the requirements provided for in this Act. The provisions regarding protection of water and construction activity in public water bodies as provided for in Chapter 8 of this Act extend also to the exclusive economic zone, and the provisions regarding protection of the marine environment extend also to the ships and aircraft which have been registered in Estonia outside the marine area of Estonia. The Act further provides for planning and organising water use and protection; requirements for drinking water, natural mineral water and bathing areas; organisation of wastewater collection and treatment; assessment and management of flood risks; requirements for water use and protection; assessment and approval of groundwater resources and performance of hydrogeological work; encumbering public water bodies with construction works; contributions to international hazardous and noxious substances fund; water investigation and drinking water investigation; marine scientific research permit; state supervision; and liability.

Full text
Estonian/English
Website
www.riigiteataja.ee

References - Legislation

Implements

Council Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources.

Legislation | 1991

Keyword: Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Soil pollution/quality, Fertilizers/nutrients, Protection of environment, Farming, Organic waste, Pollution control

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Directive 91/271/EEC concerning urban waste water treatment.

Legislation | 1991

Keyword: Pollution control, Effluent waste water/discharge, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Surface water, Waste domestic sources, Waste non-domestic sources, Basin/catchment/watershed

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Directive 86/278/EEC on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture.

Legislation | 1986

Keyword: Fertilizers/nutrients, Soil conservation/soil improvement, Soil pollution/quality, Waste domestic sources, Waste management, Waste non-domestic sources, Sewerage, Waste disposal

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Council Directive 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption.

Legislation | 1998

Keyword: Food quality control/food safety, Potable water, Standards, Water supply, Water quality standards, Monitoring, Pesticides

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy.

Legislation | 2000

Keyword: Freshwater resources management, Marine pollution, Potable water, Toxicity/poisoning, Food quality control/food safety, Basic legislation, Pollution control, Effluent waste water/discharge, Hazardous substances, Data collection/reporting, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Surface water, Groundwater, Water quality standards, Water conservation zone, Registration, River basin institution, Institution, Basin/catchment/watershed, Right to water, Transboundary effects, International relations/cooperation, Sustainable development, Sustainable use, Pesticides, Human rights

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2003/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for public participation in respect of the drawing up of certain plans and programmes relating to the environment and amending with regard to public participation and access to justice Council Directives 85/337/EEC and 96/61/EC.

Legislation | 2003

Keyword: Environmental planning, Access-to-information, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Access-to-justice, Governance, Public participation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2005/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on ship-source pollution and on the introduction of penalties for infringements.

Legislation | 2005

Keyword: Marine pollution, Pollution control, Offences/penalties, Maritime zone, EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone, High seas, Territorial sea, Oil pollution, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Navigation, Liability/compensation

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration.

Legislation | 2006

Keyword: Groundwater, Basic legislation, Pollution control, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Water quality standards, Effluent waste water/discharge, Data collection/reporting

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters.

Legislation | 2009

Keyword: Mineral water, Food quality control/food safety, Standards, Packaging/labelling, Internal trade, International trade

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the assessment and management of flood risks.

Legislation | 2007

Keyword: Flood, Disasters, Coastal zone management, Access-to-information, Policy/planning, Cultural heritage, Basin/catchment/watershed

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Legislation | 2008

Keyword: Marine pollution, Potable water, Toxicity/poisoning, Food quality control/food safety, Pollution control, Effluent waste water/discharge, Hazardous substances, Water quality standards, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Surface water, Pesticides

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Commission Decision 2006/7/EC concerning certain protection measures in relation to the import of feathers from certain third countries.

Legislation | 2006

Keyword: Animal health, Pests/diseases, Non-edible products, Poultry, International trade

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive).

Legislation | 2008

Keyword: Marine pollution, Pollution control, Marine area, Transboundary effects, Monitoring, Framework law, Management/conservation, Biodiversity, Ecosystem preservation, Protected area

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Commission Directive 2009/90/EC laying down, pursuant to Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, technical specifications for chemical analysis and monitoring of water status.

Legislation | 2009

Keyword: Marine pollution, Potable water, Toxicity/poisoning, Food quality control/food safety, Pollution control, Monitoring, Water quality standards, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Freshwater resources management

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the geological storage of carbon dioxide.

Legislation | 2009

Keyword: Pollution control, Air quality/air pollution, Climate change, Continental shelf, Exploration, Authorization/permit, EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Repeals

Regulation No. 82 of the Minister of Social Affairs establishing Quality and control requirements and analysis methods for drinking water.

Legislation | Estonia | 2001

Keyword: Food quality control/food safety, Consumer protection, Water supply, Potable water, Water quality standards

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Water Act.

Legislation | Estonia | 1994

Keyword: Framework law, Water rights, Waterworks, Water abstraction, Surface water, Groundwater, Effluent waste water/discharge, Data collection/reporting, Hazardous waste, Liability/compensation, Pollution control, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Implemented by

Regulation No. 6 of 2020 of Minister of the Environment on specified data composition of the water use report and procedure for submission of the report

Legislation | Estonia | 2020

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Data collection/reporting, Procedural matters, Water abstraction

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation No. 61 of 2019 of Minister of Social Affairs of Estonia on Drinking water quality and control requirements and methods of analysis

Legislation | Estonia | 2019

Keyword: Potable water, Food quality control/food safety, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards, Research, Data collection/reporting, Public health, Water supply

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation No. 39 of 2019 of Minister of the Environment of Estonia on Limit values ​​for dangerous substances in groundwater

Legislation | Estonia | 2019

Keyword: Groundwater, Hazardous substances, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Pollution control, Water quality standards

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Regulation No. 35 of 2019 of Minister of the Environment of Estonia on Content of the River Basin Water Monitoring Program, Principles, Methods and Methodology for the Development of the Water Monitoring Program and Implementation Requirements

Legislation | Estonia | 2019

Keyword: Marine pollution, Territorial sea, Marine protected areas, Maritime zone, Monitoring, Protected area, Basin/catchment/watershed, Surface water, Groundwater, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Freshwater resources management, Pollution control, Water conservation zone, Water quality standards, Transboundary effects, Inland waters, Coastal zone management

Source: FAO, FAOLEX