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Directive (EU) 2020/2184 on the quality of water intended for human consumption.

European Union
Document type
Original source
Official Journal of the European Union L 435, 23 December 2020, pp. 1-62.
Food & nutrition, Water
Business/industry/corporations Food quality control/food safety HACCP Public health Freshwater pollution Potable water Water supply Risk assessment/management Water quality standards Water abstraction Basin/catchment/watershed Access-to-information Monitoring Offences/penalties Pollution control Inland waters
Geographical area
European Union Countries
Entry into force notes
This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Directive lays down rules for the protection of human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean, and for the improvement of access to water intended for human consumption for all in the Union. This Directive shall not apply to (a) natural mineral waters recognised as such by the responsible authority, as referred to in Directive 2009/54/EC; or (b) waters which are medicinal products within the meaning of Directive 2001/83/EC. Moreover, maritime vessels that desalinate water, carry passengers and act as water suppliers shall only be subject to Articles 1 to 6 and Articles 9, 10, 13 and 14 of this Directive and its relevant Annexes. Member States may exempt food business operators from this Directive as regards the water used for the specific purposes of the food business, if the competent national authorities are satisfied that the quality of such water cannot affect the safety of the foodstuff in its finished form and provided that the water supply of the food business complies with relevant obligations, in particular under the procedures on hazard analysis and critical control point principles and remedial actions under relevant Union legislation on food. This Directive sets forth provisions on quality standards, point of compliance, risk-based approach to water safety, risk assessment and risk management of the catchment areas for abstraction points of water intended for human consumption, risk assessment and risk management of the supply system, risk assessment of domestic distribution systems, minimum hygiene requirements for materials that come into contact with water intended for human consumption, minimum requirements for treatment chemicals and filter media that come into contact with water intended for human consumption, monitoring, remedial action and restrictions of use, access to water intended for human consumption, information to the public, information on monitoring of implementation, evaluation and penalties.

Full text

References - Legislation


Council Directive 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption.

Legislation | European Union | 1998

Keyword: Food quality control/food safety, Potable water, Standards, Water supply, Water quality standards, Monitoring, Pesticides


Implemented by

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2022/679 establishing a watch list of substances and compounds of concern for water intended for human consumption as provided for in Directive (EU) 2020/2184 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Legislation | European Union | 2022

Keyword: Water supply, Potable water, Public health, Water quality standards, Monitoring


Decree no. BWBR0030111 of 23 May 2011, containing provisions on the production and distribution of drinking water and the organisation of the public drinking water supply (Drinking Water Decree).

Legislation | Netherlands | 2011 (2022)

Keyword: Biosafety, Food quality control/food safety, Potable water, Public health, Radiation, Treated food, Transport/storage, Hygiene/sanitary procedures, Early warning system, Monitoring, Rainwater, Risk assessment/management, Water quality standards, Freshwater resources management, Water supply, Royalties/fees


Law amending and supplementing the Water Law.

Legislation | Croatia | 2023

Keyword: Offences/penalties, Potable water, Public health, Data collection/reporting, Risk assessment/management, Freshwater resources management, Basin/catchment/watershed, Inland waters


Law no. 46/I of 2023 on the Quality of Water for Human Consumption.

Legislation | Cyprus | 2023

Keyword: Basic legislation, Food quality control/food safety, Business/industry/corporations, Food additives, Governance, Processing/handling, Hazards, Inspection, Potable water, Disinfection/disinfestation, Public health, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Offences/penalties, Use restrictions, Pesticides, Hygiene/sanitary procedures, Transport/storage, Water quality standards, Water supply, Water users' associations, Freshwater pollution, Water abstraction, Basin/catchment/watershed, Water charges, Pollution control, Inland waters


Real Decreto Nº 3/2023 - Por el que se establecen los criterios técnicos-sanitarios de la calidad del agua de consumo, su control y suministro.

Legislation | Spain | 2023

Keyword: Less favoured areas, Processing/handling, Food quality control/food safety, Freshwater pollution, Water supply, Water quality standards, Public health, Right to water, Potable water, Risk assessment/management, Inland waters, Precautionary principle, Classification/declassification, Inspection, Concession, Water abstraction, Access-to-information, Offences/penalties, Freshwater resources management, Pollution control, Human rights