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Council Directive 91/156/EEC amending Directive 75/442/EEC on waste.

European Union
Document type
Original source
Official Journal L 78, 26 March 1991, pp. 32-37.
Waste & hazardous substances
Pollution control Waste disposal Waste prevention Recycling/reuse Polluter pays principle Solid waste Waste management
Geographical area
European Union Countries

A set of Community rules on waste disposal has been established under Directive 75/442/EEC. In the light of the principle of a high level of environmental protection, the aim pursued is to encourage the recycling and reuse of waste as raw materials. The present Directive lays down particular amendments and addenda to that Directive. First, articles 1 to 12 shall be replaced by the provisions laid down in article 1 hereto. “Waste” shall mean any substance or object falling in the categories set out in Annex I which the holder discards, intends to discard or is required to discard. The following shall be excluded from the scope of the Directive: (a) gaseous effluents emitted into the atmosphere; (b) if they are already envisaged by other legislation: (i) radioactive waste; (ii) waste resulting from prospecting, extraction, treatment and storage of mineral resources and the working of quarries; (iii) animal carcases and certain agricultural waste; (iv) waste waters; (v) decommissioned explosives. The following objectives are to be attained: (1) the prevention or reduction of waste production and its harmfulness; (2) the recovery of waste by means of recycling, reuse or reclamation or any other process with a view to extracting secondary raw materials, or the use of waste as a source of energy. Further provisions are added to Directive 75/442/EEC. In accordance with the polluter pays principle, the cost of disposing of waste must be borne by the holder who has waste handled by a waste collector or by an undertaking as referred to in article 9, or the previous holders or the producer of the product from which the waste came (art. 15). Three Annexes shall be inserted. Annex I, as mentioned above, contains the list of categories of waste which fall within the scope of these provisions. Annex IIA lists out disposal operations such as they occur in practice. In accordance with article 4, waste must be disposed of without endangering human health and without the use of processes or methods likely to harm the environment. Lastly, Annex IIB lists out operations which might lead to recovery.

Full text

References - Legislation


Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste.

Legislation | European Union | 1975

Keyword: Waste management, Waste disposal, Recycling/reuse, Waste prevention, Polluter pays principle, Hazardous waste, Offences/penalties


Implemented by

Environment Protection Act (No. 1757 of 2006).

Legislation | Denmark | 2001

Keyword: Pollution control, Air quality/air pollution, Noise pollution, Framework law, Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings, Cleaning agents/detergents, Effluent waste water/discharge, Emissions, Environmental standards, Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution, Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste, Internal trade, Marine pollution, Oil pollution, Protection of habitats, Soil pollution/quality, Solid waste, Waste disposal, Waste non-domestic sources, Radiation, Plant protection, Waste management


Ministerial Joint Decision No. 69728/824 on solid waste handling and disposal.

Legislation | Greece | 1996

Keyword: Solid waste, Waste disposal, Waste management


Waste Management Plan Ordinance.

Legislation | Germany | 2001

Keyword: Waste disposal, Waste management, Waste domestic sources, Waste non-domestic sources, Hazardous waste, Royalties/fees, Enforcement/compliance


Ministerial Joint Decision No. H.P. 50910/2727 on hazardous waste handling and disposal. National and Regional Waste Management Plans.

Legislation | Greece | 2003

Keyword: Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste, Waste management, Recycling/reuse


Solid and Hazardous Waste Law, 2002 (Law No. 215(I)/2002).

Legislation | Cyprus | 2002

Keyword: Basic legislation, Data collection/reporting, Hazardous waste, Packaging/labelling, Pollution control, Solid waste, Transboundary movement of waste, Waste disposal, Waste management, Classification/declassification


Legislative Decree No. 22 of 1997 implementing Directive 91/156/EEC on waste, Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste and Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.

Legislation | Italy | 1997

Keyword: Pollution control, Waste management, Waste disposal, Waste prevention, Recycling/reuse, Transboundary movement of waste, Hazardous waste, Transport/storage, Packaging/labelling, Authorization/permit, Policy/planning, Registration, Institution, Offences/penalties


Solid and Hazardous Waste (List of Waste) Order, 2003 (P.I. 157/2003).

Legislation | Cyprus | 2003

Keyword: Waste disposal, Waste domestic sources, Waste management, Waste non-domestic sources, Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste


Solid and Hazardous Waste (Waste Register) Order, 2003 (P.I. 158/2003).

Legislation | Cyprus | 2003

Keyword: Waste disposal, Waste management, Registration, Hazardous substances, Hazardous waste


Solid and Hazardous Waste (Application Form for Waste Management Permit) Ordinance, 2003 (P.I. 160/2003).

Legislation | Cyprus | 2003

Keyword: Authorization/permit, Classification/declassification, Hazardous waste, Pollution control, Waste management


Waste Management Law (2010)

Legislation | Latvia | 2010 (2015)

Keyword: Waste disposal, Waste domestic sources, Waste management, Waste non-domestic sources, Waste prevention, Public health, Pollution control, Freshwater pollution


Other references

Cited by

Marco Antonio Saetti and Andrea Frediani

Jurisprudence | International court | European Union |

Keyword: Waste non-domestic sources, Waste disposal

Source: UNEP, InforMEA

Cited by

Paul Van de Walle, Daniel Laurent, Thierry Mersch and Texaco Belgium SA

Jurisprudence | International court | Belgium, European Union |

Keyword: Soil pollution/quality, Waste non-domestic sources

Source: UNEP, InforMEA