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Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation

Document type
Field of application
Jul 3, 1978
IUCN (ID: TRE-000515)
Title (French)

Traité relatif à la coopération en Amazonie

Title (Other)

Vertrag über die Zusammenarbeit am Amazonas

Place of adoption
English, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish
Entry into force
Aug 2, 1980
Water, Wild species & ecosystems
Access right International relations/cooperation Data collection/reporting Navigation Protection of species Wild flora Institution Management/conservation International agreement-text Research Wild fauna Monitoring International trade Basin/catchment/watershed Land-use planning Ecosystem preservation Internal trade
Geographical area
South Atlantic, East Pacific, Amazonia, Central America, South-Eastern Pacific, South America, Latin America and the Caribbean, North-East Pacific, North Atlantic

Objective: To promote the harmonious development of the Amazon region and permit equitable distribution of the benefits of such development among the contracting Parties.

Summary of provisions: Parties agree to undertake joint action and efforts to promote the harmonious development of their Amazonian territories in such a way that these joint actions produce equitable and mutually beneficial results and achieve the preservation of the environment and the conservation and rational utilisation of the natural resources of those territories. Parties undertake to guarantee complete freedom of commercial navigation on the Amazon and other international Amazonian rivers on the basis of reciprocity, and to undertake national, bilateral or multilateral measures aimed at improving and making the said rivers navigable. This Agreement declares the sovereign right to the exclusive use of natural resources within the territory of each Party while Parties are to make efforts to achieve rational utilisation of water resources. Scientific research and the exchange of information is to be promoted to ensure that the exploitation of the fauna and flora of the Amazon region is rationally planned so as to maintain the ecological balance within the region and preserve the species. Joint studies and measures are to be encouraged for the rational utilisation of the human and natural resources of the Amazonian territories of the Parties. Transport and communication links among the States of the Amazonian region are to be improved, and retail trade among them, to be promoted. Conservation of the ethnological and archaeological wealth of the Amazon is to be ensured.

Institutional mechanisms: The Amazonian Cooperative Council comprising top-level diplomatic representatives is created. It is to meet once a year to supervise the effective implementation of the Treaty under the general guidance of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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