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The Protocol Concerning the Protection of the Environment from Land-Based Activities in in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden - Inofficial English Translation

Document type
Field of application
Sep 25, 2005
IUCN (ID: TRE-160049)
Place of adoption
Saudi Arabia
Sea, Water, Waste & hazardous substances
Coastal zone management Coral Waste non-domestic sources Recycling/reuse Tourism Solid waste Marine pollution (land-based sources) EIA Monitoring Industrial water use Environmental technology Air quality/air pollution Public health Groundwater Polluter pays principle Mangroves Effluent waste water/discharge Surface water Effluent waste (industrial sources) Marine pollution
Geographical area
Red Sea & Gulf of Aden

This protocol is one of the protocols supplemented to Jeddah convention. The protocol signed in 25 September 2005 during the meeting in Jeddah. The protocol contains 25 articles; the general provision of this protocol shall take all appropriate measures to protect the environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden against pollution resulting from any land-based sources or activities and to reduce and/or eliminate such pollution tot he maximum extent possible with priority given to the gradual elimination of toxic, persistent, and biologically accumulating inputs. The Protocol responds to emerging LBA issues from recent global summits and aligns itself with the articles contained in section 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), as well as the UNEP-GPA goals. Furthermore, PERSGA’s maturing ICZM work in its Member States potentially lays a solid foundation for addressing the national-regional character of LBA activities in terms of land-based pollution affecting the marine environment. (Source:

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Djibouti -
Egypt - -
Jordan - -
Saudi Arabia -
Somalia - - -
Sudan - -
Yemen - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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