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Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Apr 9, 1992
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001153)
Title (French)

Convention pour la protection du milieu marin dans la zone de la mer Baltique

Title (Other)

Konvention über den Schutz der Meeresumwelt des Ostseegebiets

Place of adoption
Helsinki
Depository
Finland
Language
English
Entry into force
Jan 17, 2000
Subject
Sea, Mineral resources, Waste & hazardous substances, Water
Keyword
Oil pollution Dispute settlement Toxicity/poisoning Pollution control Sewerage Polluter pays principle Monitoring Access-to-information Survey/mapping Authorization/permit Environmental standards Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings Marine resources management Biodiversity Hazardous substances Data collection/reporting Research Marine pollution (land-based sources) Liability/compensation International relations/cooperation Institution EIA Marine pollution (dumping at sea) Maritime zone Exploration Marine pollution (ship-based sources) Pesticides Transport/storage Standards
Abstract

Objectives: To promote the ecological restoration of the Baltic Sea Area and the preservation of its ecological balance. Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to prevent and eliminate pollution of the Baltic Sea Area and of its marine environment caused by harmful substances from all sources, including land-based sources, ships and pleasure crafts. Parties are to apply the precautionary principle and the polluter-pays principle, and promote the use of the Best Environmental Practice and Best Available Technology (art. 3). Parties sharing transboundary waters agree to co-operate, and transboundary impacts of pollution is to be notified to Parties which may be affected (art. 7). Incineration is to be prohibited (art. 10), and dumping prevented (art. 11). Other provisions of the Convention deal with, inter alia, exploration and exploitation of the seabed and its subsoil, nature conservation and biodiversity, responsibility for damage and the safeguard of certain freedoms. Institutional mechanisms: The Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission established under the 1974 Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area becomes the Commission for the purpose of this Convention.

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Website
formin.finland.fi

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Finland
Germany
Latvia
Lithuania
Poland
Russian Federation
Sweden

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

References - Treaties

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Legislation
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Literature
13 records related to this treaty. View literature