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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Mar 3, 1973
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000483)
Title abbreviation

CITES

Title (French)

Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d'extinction

Title (Spanish)

Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über den internationalen Handel mit gefährdeten Arten freilebender Tiere und Pflanzen

Place of adoption
Washington
Depository
Switzerland
Language
Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Jul 1, 1975
Subject
Wild species & ecosystems
Keyword
International trade Authorization/permit Trade in species Biodiversity Offences/penalties Management/conservation Wild flora Protected plant species Endangered species Certification Wild fauna Protected animal species International agreement-text Inventory Wildlife products
Abstract

Objective: To protect certain endangered species from over-exploitation by means of a system of import/export permits.

Summary of provisions: This Convention covers animals and plants whether dead or alive, and any recognisable parts or derivatives thereof (art. 1). Appendix I covers endangered species, trade in which is to be tightly controlled; appendix II covers species that may become endangered unless trade is regulated; appendix III covers species that any Party wishes to regulate and requires international cooperation to control trade while appendix IV contains model permits. Permits are required for species listed in appendices I and II stating that export/import will not be detrimental to the survival of the species (arts. 3 and 4).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Comment

Regulates international trade in wild animals and plants and readily recognizable parts or derivatives thereof; lists species which are subject to such trade controls in three appendices; provides that Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade; provides that Appendix II shall include all species which although not necessarily now threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens thereof is subject to strict regulations, as well as species that are similar in appearance to these species; provides that Appendix III shall include the species which have been identified by individual Parties as requiring the cooperation of other Parties for the purpose of controlling their trade; requires the grant and presentation of import and export permits for trade in Appendix I specimens; requires the grant and presentation of export permits for the trade in Appendix II and III specimens; lays down conditions for the grant of such permits; provides for exemptions from the Convention requirements in some limited cases; requires Parties to prohibit trade in specimens in violation of the Convention; lays down rules relating to the disposal of confiscated specimens; requires Parties to designate one or more scientific authorities to advise on the issue of permits and one or more management authorities to grant permits and certificates; also establishes a Conference of the Parties and a Secretariat.

Full text
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Website
www.eda.admin.ch
www.cites.org
Online course
Introductory Course to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan -
Albania -
Algeria -
Angola -
Antigua and Barbuda -
Argentina
Armenia -
Australia
Austria -
Azerbaijan -
Bahamas -
Bahrain -
Bangladesh
Barbados -
Belarus -
Belgium
Belize -
Benin -
Bhutan -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Botswana -
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam -
Bulgaria -
Burkina Faso -
Burundi -
Cabo Verde -
Cambodia
Cameroon -
Canada
Central African Republic -
Chad -
Chile
China -
Colombia
Comoros -
Congo -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of -
Costa Rica
Croatia -
Cuba -
Cyprus
Czech Republic -
Côte d'Ivoire -
Denmark
Djibouti -
Dominica -
Dominican Republic -
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador -
Equatorial Guinea -
Eritrea -
Estonia -
Eswatini, Kingdom of -
Ethiopia -
European Union -
Fiji -
Finland -
France
Gabon -
Gambia -
Georgia -
Germany
Ghana
Greece -
Grenada -
Guatemala
Guinea -
Guinea-Bissau -
Guyana
Honduras -
Hungary -
Iceland -
India
Indonesia -
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iraq -
Ireland
Israel -
Italy
Jamaica -
Japan
Jordan -
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Kenya
Korea, Republic of -
Kuwait
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Lao, People's Dem. Rep. -
Latvia -
Lebanon -
Lesotho
Liberia -
Libya -
Liechtenstein -
Lithuania -
Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYR -
Madagascar
Malawi -
Malaysia -
Maldives -
Mali -
Malta -
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Mauritius
Mexico -
Moldova, Republic of -
Monaco -
Mongolia -
Montenegro -
Morocco
Mozambique -
Myanmar -
Namibia -
Nepal -
Netherlands
New Zealand -
Nicaragua -
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman -
Pakistan -
Palau -
Panama
Papua New Guinea -
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar -
Romania -
Russian Federation
Rwanda -
Saint Kitts and Nevis -
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Samoa -
San Marino -
Sao Tome and Principe -
Saudi Arabia -
Senegal -
Serbia -
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone -
Singapore -
Slovakia -
Slovenia -
Solomon Islands -
Somalia -
South Africa
Spain -
Sri Lanka -
Sudan
Suriname -
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic -
Tajikistan -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Thailand
Togo
Tonga -
Trinidad and Tobago -
Tunisia
Turkey -
Uganda -
Ukraine -
United Arab Emirates -
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan -
Vanuatu -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of
Viet Nam -
Yemen -
Zambia -
Zimbabwe -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

References - Treaties

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Legislation
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Jurisprudence
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