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Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Document type
Field of application
Sep 13, 1973
IUCN (ID: TRE-000535)
Title (French)

Convention sur la pêche et la conservation des ressources vivantes dans la mer Baltique et les Belts

Title (Other)

Konvention über die Fischerei und den Schutz der lebenden Ressourcen in der Ostsee und den Belten

Place of adoption
Danish, English, Finnish, German, Polish, Russian, Swedish
Entry into force
Jul 28, 1974
Baltic Sea

Objective: To achieve greater and closer cooperation between the Parties in order to maintain the maximum stable productivity of the living resources of the region.

Summary or provisions: Parties undertake to cooperate to achieve optimum yield from the living resources, particularly in the field of research, including programmes for the artificial reproduction of valuable fish species (art. 1).

Institutional mechanism: An International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission is established (art. 5). It is to keep under review the living resources and fisheries of the region by collecting, analysing and disseminating data, to draft proposals to co-ordinate scientific research, and to submit recommendations to the Parties based on scientific research (art. 9). Such recommendations are to concern regulation of fishing gear, size limits of fish, closed seasons or areas, improving and increasing marine resources, total allowable catch and any other measure related to the conservation of these resources (art. 10).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)


This Convention applies only to the Baltic Sea and the Belts, but it covers all fish species encountered there, some of which are migratory. The Convention obliges the Baltic States to cooperate closely with one another with a view to preserving and increasing living resources so as to obtain an optimum yield. The States are also required to prepare and implement projects for the achievement of conservation and growth of living resources (including the artificial breeding of 'valuable' fish species). The Convention establishes the International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission. The Commissions duties include the review of fisheries and living resources by means of the collection, analysis and dissemination of ' statistical data', e.g. catch data, fishing efforts and other information which States Parties must provide to it; the proposal of programmes of scientific research and their coordination; and the production of recommendations as to the measures to be taken as to, e.g. fishing gear, limits on the size of fish to be taken, open and closed seasons, closed areas for fishing, improving or increasing living resources, and 'any other matter related to the conservation and rational exploitation of living marine resources'

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European Union -
Latvia -
Lithuania -
Russian Federation - - -

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