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Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Feb 25, 1991
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001108)
Title abbreviation

EIA Convention

Title (French)

Convention sur l'évaluation de l'impact sur l'environnement dans un contexte transfrontière

Title (Spanish)

Convención sobre la evaluación de los efectos en el medio ambiente en un contexto transfronterizo

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung im grenzüberschreitenden Rahmen

Place of adoption
Espoo
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
English, French, Russian
Entry into force
Sep 10, 1997
Subject
Environment gen.
Keyword
Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings Data collection/reporting Research EIA Transboundary effects Public participation Dispute settlement PIC-prior informed consent Monitoring
Abstract

Objectives: To promote environmentally sound and sustainable economic development, through the application of environmental impact assessment, especially as a preventive measure against trans-boundary environmental degradation.

Summary of provisions: Article 1 defines terms used in the Convention, such as: Party of origin, affected Party, environmental impact assessment, trans-boundary impact. The Convention contains provisions stating the basic responsibilities of the Parties (art. 2). Parties are under an obligation to take policy, legal and administrative measures to control adverse trans-boundary impact arising from proposed activities. Where a proposed activity is likely to cause a significant adverse trans-boundary impact, Parties are to notify and negotiate with affected Parties (art. 3). Environmental impact assessment are to be comprehensive (incorporating the specific items listed in Appendix II), and should be the basis of consultation between the concerned Parties (arts. 4, 5 and 7). Parties are to undertake research to improve methods of environmental impact assessment, and promote sustainable economic activity.

Institutional mechanisms: Provision is made for regular meetings of the Parties, to keep under review the working of the Convention (art. 11). A procedure for the settlement of disputes is established by art. 15.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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Website
treaties.un.org

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Albania
Armenia -
Austria
Azerbaijan -
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia -
Cyprus -
Czech Republic -
Denmark
Estonia -
European Union
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland - -
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan -
Kyrgyzstan -
Latvia -
Liechtenstein -
Lithuania -
Luxembourg
Malta -
Moldova, Republic of -
Montenegro -
Netherlands
North Macedonia -
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation - -
Serbia -
Slovakia -
Slovenia -
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland -
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United States of America - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Legislation
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Literature
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