Objectives: To promote environmentally sound and sustainable economic development, through the application of environmental impact assessment, especially as a preventive measure against trans-boundary environmental degradation.
Summary of provisions: Article 1 defines terms used in the Convention, such as: Party of origin, affected Party, environmental impact assessment, trans-boundary impact. The Convention contains provisions stating the basic responsibilities of the Parties (art. 2). Parties are under an obligation to take policy, legal and administrative measures to control adverse trans-boundary impact arising from proposed activities. Where a proposed activity is likely to cause a significant adverse trans-boundary impact, Parties are to notify and negotiate with affected Parties (art. 3). Environmental impact assessment are to be comprehensive (incorporating the specific items listed in Appendix II), and should be the basis of consultation between the concerned Parties (arts. 4, 5 and 7). Parties are to undertake research to improve methods of environmental impact assessment, and promote sustainable economic activity.
Institutional mechanisms: Provision is made for regular meetings of the Parties, to keep under review the working of the Convention (art. 11). A procedure for the settlement of disputes is established by art. 15.
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)