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Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the South-East Pacific

Document type
Field of application
Nov 12, 1981
IUCN (ID: TRE-000741)
Title (French)

Convention concernant la protection de l'environnement marin et des aires côtières du Pacifique du Sud-Est

Title (Spanish)

Convenio para la protección del medio marino y la zona costera del Pacífico Sudeste

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über den Schutz der Meeresumwelt und Küstengebiete des Südostpazifiks

Place of adoption
CPPS Permanent Commission for the South Pacific
Entry into force
May 19, 1986
Environment gen., Land & soil, Sea, Waste & hazardous substances, Fisheries
Research Dispute settlement Marine pollution (ship-based sources) Air quality/air pollution Erosion Education Data collection/reporting Maritime zone EIA Early warning system/emergency intervention system Liability/compensation Marine pollution (dumping at sea) Marine pollution Coastal zone management Monitoring International relations/cooperation Marine pollution (land-based sources)
Geographical area
North-East Pacific, South-Eastern Pacific, South America, Central America, East Pacific, South Atlantic, Amazonia, Latin America and the Caribbean
South Pacific

Objective: To protect the marine environment and coastal zones of the South-East Pacific within the 200-mile area of maritime sovereignty and jurisdiction of the Parties, and beyond that area, the high seas up to a distance within which pollution of the high seas may affect that area.

Summary of provisions: The Parties agree to take all necessary measures to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the Convention area (art. 3), particularly pollution from land-based sources, from or through the atmosphere, from vessels and from any other installations and devices operating in the marine environment (art. 4). They further undertake to prevent, reduce, combat and control coastal erosion (art. 10). Parties are to cooperate in dealing with pollution emergencies in the Convention area (art. 6), in exchanging data and other scientific information (arts. 9 and 10) as well as in establishing programmes from monitoring pollution and assessing environmental impacts in the area (arts. 7 and 8). Parties undertake to establish rules and procedures for the determination of civil liability and compensate for damage resulting from pollution of the environment and coastal area (art. 11).

Institutional mechanisms: Parties are to convene ordinary and extraordinary meetings, within the framework of the Permanent Commission of the South Pacific (CPPS), for reviewing the implementation of the Convention (art. 12). The Permanent Commission for the South Pacific undertakes the secretariat functions (art. 13).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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