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Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Priority Wilderness Areas in Central America

Document type
Field of application
Jun 5, 1992
IUCN (ID: TRE-001162)
Title (French)

Convention concernant la conservation de la biodiversité et la protection des aires forestiaires prioritaires de l'Amérique Centrale

Title (Spanish)

Convenio para la conservación de la Biodiversidad y Proteccion de areas silvestres prioritarias en America Central

Title (Other)

Konvention über die Erhaltung der biologischen Vielfalt und den Schutz vorrangiger Waldgebiete Mittelamerikas

Place of adoption
Entry into force
Dec 20, 1994
Wild species & ecosystems
Alien species Sustainable development Public participation Wild flora Forest management/forest conservation Endangered species Management/conservation Traditional rights/customary rights National implementation/transposal Ecosystem preservation Genetic resources Policy/planning Biodiversity Protected area Ex-situ conservation Monitoring Protection of habitats Data collection/reporting Sustainable use International agreement-text Research International relations/cooperation Institution Wild fauna

Objective: To conserve biological diversity and the biological resources of the Central American region by means of sustainable use.

Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to cooperate among themselves and with the Central American Commission on Environment and Development to implement the Convention. The Convention includes the formulation of national strategies and programmes and the creation of economic measures (arts. 12 and 13). Parties agree to establish national legislation for the conservation and sustainable development of biological diversity (art. 16). The Central American Council for Protected Areas, in cooperation with national bodies, is to form a biological corridor of Central America by maintaining existing and creating new protected areas (arts. 17, 18 and 19). Parties undertake to strengthen the conservation of biological diversity by in- situ and ex-situ measures and by control or elimination of alien species which endanger Central American ecosystems (arts. 24 and 27). Moreover, they agree to broaden eco- tourism taking into account its economic potential for the support of the protected areas as well as neighbouring populations (art. 28). They also undertake to carry out monitoring and research in the Convention area (arts. 29, 31 and 34). Finally, Parties are to enhance public participation in relation to measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity by means of education (art. 35).

Institutional mechanism: The Central American Council for Protected Areas is established and associated with the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (art. 21). The Commission is to provide an annual report to the summit of Central American Presidents about the progress and implementation of the Convention (art. 38).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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Costa Rica
El Salvador

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Other references

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