Objective: To conserve biological diversity and the biological resources of the Central American region by means of sustainable use.
Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to cooperate among themselves and with the Central American Commission on Environment and Development to implement the Convention. The Convention includes the formulation of national strategies and programmes and the creation of economic measures (arts. 12 and 13). Parties agree to establish national legislation for the conservation and sustainable development of biological diversity (art. 16). The Central American Council for Protected Areas, in cooperation with national bodies, is to form a biological corridor of Central America by maintaining existing and creating new protected areas (arts. 17, 18 and 19). Parties undertake to strengthen the conservation of biological diversity by in- situ and ex-situ measures and by control or elimination of alien species which endanger Central American ecosystems (arts. 24 and 27). Moreover, they agree to broaden eco- tourism taking into account its economic potential for the support of the protected areas as well as neighbouring populations (art. 28). They also undertake to carry out monitoring and research in the Convention area (arts. 29, 31 and 34). Finally, Parties are to enhance public participation in relation to measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity by means of education (art. 35).
Institutional mechanism: The Central American Council for Protected Areas is established and associated with the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (art. 21). The Commission is to provide an annual report to the summit of Central American Presidents about the progress and implementation of the Convention (art. 38).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)