Objective: To protect the marine environment, coastal zones and related internal waters falling within the jurisdiction of the States of the West and Central African region.
Summary of provisions: The Parties agree to take all necessary measures to prevent, reduce, combat and control pollution of the Convention area (art. 4), particularly pollution from ships and aircraft (arts. 5 and 6), land-based sources (art. 7), and activities relating to exploration and exploitation of the sea bed (art. 8) and pollution from or through the atmosphere (art. 9). They undertake to prevent, reduce, combat and control coastal erosion (art.10) and protect and preserve rare or fragile ecosystems, as well as the habitat of depleted, threatened or endangered species and other marine life in specially protected areas (art. 11). Parties are to co-operate in dealing with pollution emergencies in the Convention area (art. 12), and in exchanging data and other scientific information (art. 14). Moreover, they undertake to develop technical and other guidelines regarding environmental impact assessment of their development projects (art. 13) and establish roles and procedures for the determination of liability and the payment of adequate and prompt compensation for pollution damage of the Convention area (art. 15).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)