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Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Apr 5, 1989
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001003)
Title abbreviation

Basel Convention

Title (French)

Convention concernant le contrôle des mouvements transfrontières de déchets dangereux et leur élimination

Title (Spanish)

Convenio de Basilea sobre el control de los movimientos transfronterizos de los desechos peligrosos y su eliminación

Title (Other)

Baseler Übereinkommen über die Kontrolle der grenzüberschreitenden Verbringung gefährlicher Abfälle und ihrer Entsorgung

Place of adoption
Basel
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
May 5, 1992
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Waste disposal Technology transfer Transport/storage Hazardous waste Pollution control Data collection/reporting Enforcement/compliance Legal proceedings/administrative proceedings Waste management Offences/penalties Recycling/reuse Dispute settlement Transboundary movement of waste Liability/compensation
Abstract

Objectives: To reduce transboundary movements of certain wastes to a minimum consistent with the environmentally sound and efficient management of such wastes, to minimise the amount and toxicity of hazardous wastes generated and ensure their environmentally sound management as close as possible to the source of generation and to assist developing countries in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate.

Summary or provisions: Parties prohibiting the import of hazardous wastes or other wastes undertake to inform the other Parties of their decision pursuant to article 13. The other Parties, when so informed, are to prohibit the export of hazardous wastes to the Parties that have prohibited the import of such waste (art. 4.1a). Parties are to prohibit the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes if the State of import does not consent in writing to the specific import (art. 4.1c). Parties are to prohibit all persons under their national jurisdiction from transporting or disposing of hazardous wastes or other type of wastes unless such persons are authorised or allowed to perform such types of operations (art. 4.7a). They are to designate or establish one or more competent authorities as focal points to receive notifications (art. 5). States of export are not allow the generator of hazardous wastes or other wastes to commence the transboundary movement until they have received written confirmation that the notifier has received the written consent of the State of import (art. 6). Parties are to cooperate with each other in order to improve and achieve environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes (art. 10). In case of an accident occurring during the transboundary movement of hazardous or other wastes or their disposal that is likely to present risks to human health and the environment in other States, those States must be immediately informed (art. 13).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
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Website
www.basel.int
treaties.un.org
Online course
Introductory Course to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and Regional Instruments on Hazardous Wastes

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan -
Albania -
Algeria -
Andorra -
Angola -
Antigua and Barbuda -
Argentina -
Armenia -
Australia -
Austria -
Azerbaijan -
Bahamas -
Bahrain -
Bangladesh -
Barbados -
Belarus -
Belgium -
Belize -
Benin -
Bhutan -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) -
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Botswana -
Brazil -
Brunei Darussalam -
Bulgaria -
Burkina Faso -
Burundi -
Cabo Verde -
Cambodia -
Cameroon -
Canada -
Central African Republic -
Chad -
Chile -
China -
Colombia -
Comoros -
Congo -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of -
Cook Islands (New Zealand) -
Costa Rica -
Croatia -
Cuba -
Cyprus -
Czech Republic -
Côte d'Ivoire -
Denmark
Djibouti -
Dominica -
Dominican Republic -
Ecuador -
Egypt -
El Salvador -
Equatorial Guinea -
Eritrea -
Estonia -
Eswatini, Kingdom of -
Ethiopia -
European Union
Finland
France
Gabon -
Gambia -
Georgia -
Germany -
Ghana -
Greece -
Grenada -
Guatemala -
Guinea -
Guinea-Bissau -
Guyana -
Haiti - -
Honduras -
Hungary
Iceland -
India -
Indonesia -
Iran, Islamic Republic of -
Iraq -
Ireland -
Israel -
Italy -
Jamaica -
Japan -
Jordan
Kazakhstan -
Kenya -
Kiribati -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. -
Korea, Republic of -
Kuwait -
Kyrgyzstan -
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. -
Latvia -
Lebanon -
Lesotho -
Liberia -
Libya -
Liechtenstein -
Lithuania -
Luxembourg -
Madagascar -
Malawi -
Malaysia -
Maldives -
Mali -
Malta -
Marshall Islands -
Mauritania -
Mauritius -
Mexico -
Micronesia, Fed. States -
Moldova, Republic of -
Monaco -
Mongolia -
Montenegro -
Morocco -
Mozambique -
Myanmar -
Namibia -
Nauru -
Nepal -
Netherlands
New Zealand -
Nicaragua -
Niger -
Nigeria -
North Macedonia -
Norway -
Oman -
Pakistan -
Palau -
Palestinian Authority -
Panama -
Papua New Guinea -
Paraguay -
Peru -
Philippines -
Poland -
Portugal -
Qatar -
Romania -
Russian Federation -
Rwanda -
Saint Kitts and Nevis -
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Samoa -
San Marino -
Sao Tome and Principe -
Saudi Arabia -
Senegal -
Serbia -
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone -
Singapore -
Slovakia -
Slovenia -
Solomon Islands -
Somalia -
South Africa -
Spain -
Sri Lanka -
Sudan -
Suriname -
Sweden -
Switzerland -
Syrian Arab Republic -
Tajikistan -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of -
Thailand -
Togo -
Tonga -
Trinidad and Tobago -
Tunisia -
Turkey -
Turkmenistan -
Tuvalu -
Uganda -
Ukraine -
United Arab Emirates -
United Kingdom -
United States of America - -
Uruguay -
Uzbekistan -
Vanuatu -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of -
Viet Nam -
Yemen -
Zambia -
Zimbabwe -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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