Objectives: To maintain essential ecological processes and life-support systems, to preserve genetic diversity, and to ensure the sustainable utilisation of living resources. Summary of provisions: Chapter II of the Agreement provides for the conservation of species and ecosystems through extensive management measures. Chapter II deals with species genetic diversity (art. 3), sustainable use of species (art. 4), endangered and endemic species (art. 5), vegetation cover and forest and endemic species (art. 5), vegetation cover and forest (art. 9). Chapter III of the Agreement relates to the conservation of ecological processes with a view to maintaining their proper functioning. Articles 10 and 11 concern the reduction, prevention and control of environmental degradation and pollution. Chapter IV provides for environmental planning measures with a view to integrating natural resources conservation into the land use process. Articles of chapter IV deal with land use planning (art. 12), establishment of protected areas (art. 13), and impact assessments (art. 14). Chapter V concerns national supporting measures which consist in, inter alia, promoting education, information and participation of the public in the planning and implementation of conservation measures, and in training scientific and technical personnel (art. 16). Chapter VI provides for international co-operation between the Parties through, inter alia, the co-ordination of their activities in the field of conservation of nature and management of natural resources, especially when these are shared (art. 18 and 19). Parties recognise their international responsibility in regards of transfrontier environmental effects and undertake to avoid and reduce adverse environmental effects of activities under their jurisdiction (art. 20). Institutional mechanisms: Meetings of the Contracting Parties, provided in article 21, are to be held in as far as possible in conjunction with appropriate meetings of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). A Secretariat is to be designated by the Contracting Parties on the coming into force of the Agreement (art. 22).