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Directive (EU) 2019/944 of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for the internal market for electricity and amending Directive 2012/27/EU (recast).

European Union
Document type
Original source
Official Journal of the European Union L 158, 14 June 2019, pp. 125-199.
Energy conservation/energy production Environmental standards Standards Protection of environment
Geographical area
European Union Countries

This Directive establishes common rules for the generation, transmission, distribution, energy storage and supply of electricity, together with consumer protection provisions, with a view to creating truly integrated competitive, consumer-centred, flexible, fair and transparent electricity markets in the European Union. It aims to ensure affordable, transparent energy prices and costs for consumers, a high degree of security of supply and a smooth transition towards a sustainable low-carbon energy system. It lays down key rules relating to the organisation and functioning of the Union electricity sector, in particular rules on consumer empowerment and protection, on open access to the integrated market, on third-party access to transmission and distribution infrastructure, unbundling requirements, and rules on the independence of regulatory authorities in the Member States.

Full text

References - Legislation


Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC.

Legislation | European Union | 2009

Keyword: Energy conservation/energy production, Environmental standards, Climate change, Ozone layer, Standards, Protection of environment


Implemented by

Law no. 4951/2022. Modernisation of the licensing process for Renewable Energy Sources - Phase B, Licensing of electricity production and storage, framework for the development of Pilot Marine Floating Photovoltaic Plants and more specific provisions on energy and environmental protection.

Legislation | Greece | 2022

Keyword: Cooperative/producer organization, Special fund, Framework law, Energy conservation/energy production, Renewable energy, Consumer protection, Authorization/permit, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Use restrictions, Natural gas, Protection of environment, Environmental planning, Policy/planning, Forest management/forest conservation, Private forest, Mining, Sustainable use, Royalties/fees, Contract/agreement, Marine area, Zoning, Effluent waste water/discharge, Financing, Sewerage, Waste disposal, Waste management, Hydropower generation, Surface water, Water supply


Law no. 5037 of 2023. Renaming the Energy Regulatory Authority to the Waste, Energy and Water Regulatory Authority and expanding its scope with responsibilities over water services and urban waste management, strengthening water policy - Modernisation of the legislation on the use and production of electricity from renewable sources through the incorporation of EU Directives 2018/2001 and 2019/944 - More specific provisions for renewable energy sources and environmental protection.

Legislation | Greece | 2023

Keyword: Framework law, Energy conservation/energy production, Renewable energy, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Cooperative/producer organization, Subsidy/incentive, Protection of environment, Environmental fees/charges, Consumer protection, Emissions, Protection of habitats, Offences/penalties, Forest management/forest conservation, Forest species, Forest fires, Timber extraction/logging, Forestry protection measures, Financing, Minerals, Mining, Exploration, Plant production, Plant variety, Crops/grasses, Coastal zone management, Ecosystem preservation, Waste management, Waste domestic sources, Organic waste, Freshwater resources management, Policy/planning, Water supply, International relations/cooperation, Governance, River basin institution, Hydropower generation, Wetlands, Wild fauna, Hunting/capture, Hunting rights


Amended by

Regulation (EU) 2022/869 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2009, (EU) 2019/942 and (EU) 2019/943 and Directives 2009/73/EC and (EU) 2019/944, and repealing Regulation (EU) No 347/2013.

Legislation | European Union | 2022

Keyword: Climate change, Energy conservation/energy production