Objective: To control emissions of heavy metals caused by activities that are subject to long-range transboundary atmospheric transport.
Summary of provisions: Article 3 defines the basic obligations of Contracting Parties. Inter alia, each Party undertakes to reduce its total annual emissions into the atmosphere of each of the heavy metals listed in Annex I from the level of emission in the reference year set by that annex (art 3.1). Parties agree to apply best available techniques listed in Annex III and limit values specified in Annex V to new stationnary sources and, if technically and economically feasible, to existing ones (art 3.2). Each Party also agrees to develop and maintain emission inventories for the heavy metals listed in Annex I (art. 3.5). To enact these obligations, Parties agree, inter alia, to develop government/industry covenants, to encourage use of less polluting energy sources and take measures to phase out certain heavy metal emitting processes (art. 5). Parties further undertake to facilitate exchange of technologies and techniques to reduce emissions of heavy metals (art. 4). Finally, Parties undertake to encourage research, development, monitoring and cooperation related inter alia, to the emissions, transport and deposition levels, relevant effects on human health and the environment, best available techniques and effects-based approaches (art. 6).
Institutional mechanisms: A reporting mechanism is instituted by article 7, subject to Parties's laws governing the confidentiality of commercial information. The Executive Body set up by the Convention receive the reports, and the Implementation Committee reviews the compliance of each Party to its obligations under this Protocol (art. 9). Parties undertake to review the information supplied at sessions of the Executive Body (art. 10). Article 11 provides a procedure for the settlement of disputes.
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)