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Convention sur l'interdiction de l'emploi, du stockage, de la production et du transfert des mines antipersonnel et sur leur destruction

Type du document
Multilatéral
Champ d'application
Mondial
Date
Sep 18, 1997
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001272)
Titre (Anglais)

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction

Titre (Autre)

Übereinkommen über das Verbot des Einsatzes, der Lagerung, der Herstellung und der Weitergabe von Antipersonenminen und über deren Vernichtung

Lieu d'adoption
Oslo
Dépositaire
NU Nations Unies
Langue
Arabe, Chinois, Anglais, Français, Russe, Espagnol
Entrée en vigueur
Mar 1, 1999
Sujet
Environnement gén.
Mot clé
Règlement des différends Transport/dépôt Relations internationales/coopération Activités militaires Collecte de données/déclarations
Résumé

Objective: To put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines.

Summary of provisions: Anti-personnel mine is defined in article 2. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to use anti-personnel mines, to develop, produce or otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone anti- personnel mines (art. 1.1). Each State Party further agrees to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti- personnel mines (art.1.2 and art.4 & 5). Exceptions to these obligations are provided for in article 3 so as to allow for the retention or transfer of mines for the development and training in mine detection, clearance and destruction techniques (art.3.1). Articles 4 and 5 provide for specific deadlines by which to destroy stockpiled or anti-personnel mines in mined areas. Each State Party is to make every effort to identify all areas which are known or suspected to contain mines and ensure that these areas are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means (art.5.2). An extension period beyond the deadline may be requested to a Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference (art.5.3). State Parties have the right to seek and receive assistance where feasible from other State Parties to the extent possible (art.6.1). They undertake to provide assistance for mine clearance (art. 6.4) and for the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs (art. 6.3). Each Party is to take appropriate measures to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control (art.9).

Institutional mechanisms: Each State Party agrees to provide information to the database on mine clearance (art.6.6) and report to the Secretary General of the United Nations a number of other information listed in article 7. A mechanism for facilitation and clarification of compliance is established by article 8; it includes a process of Request for Clarification, expert fact-finding missions and the organisation of a Meeting of the Parties or Special Meeting of the Parties to consider the matter. Each State Party may bring any dispute before the Meeting of the Parties which may contribute to the settlement by whatever means it deems appropriate (art.10). State Parties undertake to meet regularly to consider any matter with regard to the implementation of the Convention (Art. 11) and a Review Conferences are to be convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations (art. 12).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

Texte intégral
Anglais   Français   Espagnol  
Site web
treaties.un.org

Pays/Territoire/Participant

Vue étendue Montrer la carte
Des pays Entrée en vigueur Ratification * Signature simple
Afghanistan -
Afrique du Sud
Albanie
Algérie
Allemagne
Andorre
Angola
Antigua-et-Barbuda
Argentine
Australie
Autriche
Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbade
Belgique
Belize
Bhoutan
Bolivie (État plurinational de)
Bosnie-Herzégovine
Botswana
Brunéi Darussalam
Brésil
Bulgarie
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Bélarus -
Bénin
Cabo Verde -
Cambodge
Cameroun
Canada
Chili
Chypre
Colombie
Comores -
Congo -
Congo, Rép. Dém. du -
Costa Rica
Croatie
Côte d'Ivoire
Danemark
Djibouti
Dominique
El Salvador
Espagne
Estonie -
Eswatini, Royaume d' -
Fidji
Finlande
France
Gabon
Gambie
Ghana
Grenade
Grèce
Guatemala
Guinée
Guinée équatoriale
Guinée-Bissau
Guyana
Haïti
Holy See
Honduras
Hongrie
Indonésie
Iraq -
Irlande
Islande
Italie
Jamaïque
Japon
Jordanie
Kenya
Kiribati
Koweït
Lesotho -
Lettonie -
Libéria -
Liechtenstein
Lituanie
Luxembourg
Macédoine du Nord -
Madagascar
Malaisie -
Malawi
Maldives
Mali
Malte
Maurice
Mauritanie - -
Mexique
Moldova, République de
Monaco
Monténégro
Mozambique
Namibie
Nauru
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigéria
Nioué (Nouvelle-Zélande) -
Norvège
Nouvelle-Zélande -
Oman -
Ouganda
Palaos -
Panama
Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée
Paraguay
Pays-Bas -
Philippines
Pologne
Portugal -
Pérou
Qatar
Roumanie
Royaume-Uni
Rwanda
République Centrafricaine -
République Dominicaine
République Tchèque
Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis
Saint-Marin
Saint-Vincent-et-les Grenadines
Sainte-Lucie
Samoa
Sao Tomé-et-Principe
Serbie
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone
Slovaquie
Slovénie
Somalie -
Soudan
Soudan du Sud
Suisse
Suriname
Suède
Sénégal
Tadjikistan
Tanzanie, Rép.-Unie de
Tchad
Thaïlande
Timor-Leste -
Togo
Trinité-et-Tobago
Tunisie
Turkménistan -
Turquie
Tuvalu -
Ukraine
Uruguay -
Vanuatu
Venezuela, Rép. Boliv. du
Yémen
Zambie
Zimbabwe
Équateur
Érythrée -
Éthiopie -
Îles Cook (Nouvelle-Zélande) -
Îles Marshall
Îles Salomon

* [1] Ratification [2] Adhesion [3] Acceptation/approbation [4] Succession [5] Consentement à être lié [6] Définitive signature