This Fishery Ecosystem Plan (FEP), developed by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council as an FMP in accordance with the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA) and other national legislation and standards (including the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Marine Mammal Protection Act), concerns ecosystem approaches to fishery management in the Hawaiian Archipelago. In general, the Council is moving towards an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management and is restructuring its management framework from species-based FMPs to place-based FEPs. This approach covers a range of issues including biological and trophic relationships, ecosystem indicators and models, and the ecological effects of non-fishing activities on the marine environment. The FEP establishes the framework under which the Council will manage fishery resources, and begin the integration and implementation of ecosystem approaches to management in the Hawaii Archipelago. It does not establish any new fishery management regulations at this time, but rather consolidates existing fishery regulations for demersal species. Specifically, the FEP identifies as management unit species those current management unit species known to be present in waters around the Hawaii Archipelago and incorporates all of the management provisions of the Bottomfish and Seamount Groundfish FMP, the Crustaceans FMP, the Precious Corals FMP, and the Coral Reef Ecosystems FMP that are applicable to the area.