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Act No. LVII of 1995 on water management.

Pays/Territoire
Hongrie
Type du document
Législation
Date
1995
Source
FAO, FAOLEX
Sujet
Eau
Mot clé
Loi-cadre Législation de base Gestion des resources en eau douce Concession Droits d'utilisation de l'eau Institution Entité non-gouvernementale Eaux superficielles Eaux souterraines Eaux usées/déversement Ouvrages Approvisionnement en eau Égouts Inondation Eau potable Accès-à-l'information Servitude Eaux thermales et médicinales Lit Berge Collecte de données/déclarations Lutte contre la pollution Prélèvement d'eau Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces
Aire géographique
Europe de l'est, Europe, EUROPE ET ASIE CENTRALE, Pays de l'union européenne
Entry into force notes
The last consolidated version of the Act entered into force on 31 December 2015.
Résumé

In light of the objectives of environmental protection, this Law sets out primary rights and duties in connection with the use and conservation of water as well as the prevention of damages caused by water. It covers the following areas: underground and surface waters, reservoirs, beds and banks of surface waters; establishments and activities having an impact on or modifying the conditions of the water flow and watercourses, the quantity and quality of water and reservoir beds and banks; the use, conservation and management of water resources; the collection, processing, supply and use of data on water resources necessary for their evaluation; the prevention of and protection against damages caused by water; natural and legal persons and commercial enterprises without legal personality operating in the sector. Section II sets out government duties in relation to water resources and waterworks. The Government, the competent ministry with its water management bodies as well as local governments are responsible for the implementation of this Act. Section III concerns property rights. Certain natural and artificial watercourses specified in Annex 2, as well as certain other resources, flood-prevention and other waterworks, specified in Annex 3, are the exclusive property of the State. Water resources in State-owned protected areas are not alienable. Waters not mentioned above are alienable State properties. In case of alienation, interested local governments have the right of pre-emption. Works of public interest to be carried out by the State and local governments are determined in article 7. Funds for such works are provided by the Water Fund or by water management companies. The State can convey temporary rights of exploitation to commercial enterprises through concession contracts. Concession terms are provided in Articles 11 and 12. The activities of water supply and sewerage companies are regulated by section IV. Provisions on water resource management are comprised in section V (water protection, regulation of waterways, prevention of damages to water quality, potable water supply and utilization of mineral and medicinal waters). Entities discharging harmful substances into the sewerage and purification systems, exceeding determined limits, are liable to a fine. Exploitation of undergroundwaters is regulated in Article 15. This is allowed only if it does not damage the level/balance of water resources. Section VI deals with the protection against and prevention of damages caused by water. National-level protection against floods and waterlogging is regulated by Article 17. Articles 18 and 19 deal with the prevention of water contamination. Section VII lays down provisions relating to immovable property in connection with water resources and waterworks (servitudes for water disposal and water use). In certain cases, the proprietor can claim damages. Non-built-up immovable property situated on the banks of natural waters may not be acquired from the State or local governments after the entry into force of this Law. Section VIII deals with the jurisdiction of water authorities. Articles 28-32 provide conditions for the authorization and establishment of waterworks. Supervision of activities is carried out by the water inspectorate which maintains a register of waterworks, water uses and water resources. Section IX deals with water management companies which are incorporated business organizations. These can take the form of water supply and sewerage companies or water regulation and damage prevention companies (agricultural water use works and related amelioration works). The formation, operation, assets and termination of these companies are regulated by Articles 36-44.

Texte intégral
Hongrois
Site web
www.njt.hu

Références - Législation

Implementé par

Governmental Decree No. 201 of 2001 (X.25.) Korm. on quality standards for potable water and on rules of quality control.

Législation | Hongrie | 2001

Mot clé: Accès-à-l'information, Autorisation/permis, Protection du consommateur, Collecte de données/déclarations, Monitorage, Eau potable, Normes, Normes de qualité de l'eau, Approvisionnement en eau

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Government Decree No. 21 of 2006 (I.31.) Korm. concerning the use and utilization of the first bottom, river banks, wetlands and areas endangered by underseepage and on the procedures related to devaluation of the areas protected by summer dykes.

Législation | Hongrie | 2006

Mot clé: Terrains agricoles, Berge, Lit, Inondation, Planification territoriale, Évaluation foncière, Infractions/sanctions, Restrictions à l'utilisation, Eaux continentales, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages, Zones humides

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Decree No. 147 of 2010 (IV.29.) on general rules regarding activities and facilities serving for the utilization, protection and prevention of damages of waters.

Législation | Hongrie | 2010

Mot clé: Ouvrages, Approvisionnement en eau, Égouts, Inondation, Politique/planification, Eau potable, Irrigation, Drainage/assèchement

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 132 of 1997 of the Government duties related to the protection of water quality against damages.

Législation | Hongrie | 1998

Mot clé: Lutte contre la pollution, Monitorage, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 201 of 1997 of the Government on the concession of waterworks of exclusive property of the State.

Législation | Hongrie | 1997

Mot clé: Concession, Ouvrages, Droits d'utilisation de l'eau

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 232 of 1996 (XII. 26.) Korm. of the Government on rules of protection against damages caused by flood.

Législation | Hongrie | 1996

Mot clé: Inondation, Ouvrages, Eaux souterraines

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 72 of 1996 (V. 22.) Korm. of the Government on water rights and duties of the water authority.

Législation | Hongrie | 1996

Mot clé: Droits d'utilisation de l'eau, Autorisation/permis, Servitude, Ouvrages, Infractions/sanctions

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 46 of 1999 of the Government on the use and exploitation of flood areas, riverside strips, wetlands and periodically inundated areas.

Législation | Hongrie | 1998

Mot clé: Inondation, Droits d'utilisation de l'eau, Ouvrages, Zones humides

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 23 of 1998 of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Water Management on the establishment of a water resources inventory of the water authority.

Législation | Hongrie | 1998

Mot clé: Accès-à-l'information, Collecte de données/déclarations, Gouvernance

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 5 of 1998 of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Water Management on the Territorial Councils for Water Management.

Législation | Hongrie | 1998

Mot clé: Institution

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 38 of 1995 of the Government on public drinking water supplying and on the public sewerage system.

Législation | Hongrie | 1995

Mot clé: Égouts, Approvisionnement en eau, Eau potable, Contrat/accord

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 22 of 1998 of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Water Management regarding the hydrological activity of the authority of water management.

Législation | Hongrie | 1998

Mot clé: Accès-à-l'information, Eaux souterraines, Eaux superficielles, Collecte de données/déclarations

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Decree No. 123 of 1997 (VII. 18.) Korm. on the protection of freshwater stocks and water works for drinking water distribution.

Législation | Hongrie | 1997

Mot clé: Eau minérale, Restrictions à l'utilisation, Aire protégée, Lutte contre la pollution, Zone de conservation des eaux, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces, Eau potable, Eaux thermales et médicinales, Eaux souterraines, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages, Approvisionnement en eau

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 120 of 1999 (VIII. 6.) Korm. of the Government on duties relative to the conservation of waters and to the maintenance of public water works.

Législation | Hongrie | 1999

Mot clé: Berge, Lit, Contrat/accord, Eaux continentales, Gestion des resources en eau douce, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 204 of 2001 of the Government on sewerage system penalty.

Législation | Hongrie | 2001

Mot clé: Lutte contre la pollution, Infractions/sanctions, Eaux usées/déversement, Égouts, Inspection, Déchets dangereux, Substances dangereuses, Prévention des déchets, Déchets ménagers, Déchets industriels, Normes environnementales, Gestion des déchets

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 18 of 1996 (VI.13.) of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Water Management regarding the request and its annexes necessary for authorizations affecting water rights.

Législation | Hongrie | 1996

Mot clé: Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Droits d'utilisation de l'eau, Autorisation/permis, Ouvrages, EIA

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 2 of 1997 (II. 18.) KHVM of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Water on the management of agricultural water supplying companies.

Législation | Hongrie | 1997

Mot clé: Approvisionnement en eau, Contrat/accord, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Decree No. 25 of 2002 (II. 27.) Korm regarding the National Program of Action on Urban Waste Water Sewerage and Treatment.

Législation | Hongrie | 2002

Mot clé: Eaux usées/déversement, Égouts, Politique/planification, Lutte contre la pollution, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Decree No. 27 of 2002 (II. 27.) Korm. on the registration and obligation of reporting in connection of the implementation of the National Program of Action on Urban Waste Water Sewerage and Treatment.

Législation | Hongrie | 2002

Mot clé: Eaux usées/déversement, Égouts, Politique/planification, Collecte de données/déclarations, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Lutte contre la pollution, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Governmental Decree No. 26 of 2002 on the definition of waste water sewerage areas pertinent to the National Program of Action on Urban Waste Water Sewerage and Treatment.

Législation | Hongrie | 2002

Mot clé: Eaux usées/déversement, Égouts, Politique/planification, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Lutte contre la pollution, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 10 of 1997 of the Ministry of Transport, Telecommunication and Water Management regarding the protection against flood and siltation.

Législation | Hongrie | 1997

Mot clé: Inondation, Invasion d'eau salée/ensablement

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 15 of 1997 of the Ministry of Transport, Telecommunication and Water Management on flood levels of rivers.

Législation | Hongrie | 1997

Mot clé: Inondation, Eaux continentales, Normes, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 160 of 1995 of the Government on water management companies.

Législation | Hongrie | 1995

Mot clé: Institution, Ouvrages, Approvisionnement en eau, Égouts, Eau potable, Entité non-gouvernementale, Eaux usées/déversement, Lutte contre la pollution, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 234 of 1996 of the Government on the duties and competencies of the National Water Authority and of territorial water authorities.

Législation | Hongrie | 1996

Mot clé: Institution

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 366 of 2015 (XII. 2.) Korm of the Government appointing the authorities in charge of water protection and amending certain governmental decrees concerning water management.

Législation | Hongrie | 2015

Mot clé: Gouvernance, Collecte de données/déclarations, Monitorage, Catastrophe, Eaux souterraines, Eaux superficielles, Politique/planification

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 223 of 2014 (IX.4.) Korm. of the Government on the appointment of public administration offices and authorities of water management and protection against damages caused by water.

Législation | Hongrie | 2014

Mot clé: Gouvernance, Catastrophe, Ouvrages, Approvisionnement en eau, Institution

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 178 of 2010 (V. 13.) of the Government concerning the determination of areas at risk of flood or inland inundation, and the preparation and the content of hazard and risk maps and of risk management plans.

Législation | Hongrie | 2010

Mot clé: Accès-à-l'information, Collecte de données/déclarations, Inondation, Eaux continentales, Relations internationales/coopération, Évaluation/gestion des risques, Eaux superficielles, Zonage

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 220 of 2004 (VII. 21.) Korm. of the Government providing rules on the protection of surface waters quality.

Législation | Hongrie | 2004

Mot clé: Infractions/sanctions, Substances dangereuses, Collecte de données/déclarations, Eaux usées/déversement, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces, Eaux superficielles, Autorisation/permis, Inspection, Égouts, Normes environnementales, Lutte contre la pollution

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 221 of 2004 (VII. 21.) of the Government on certain rules of catchment area management.

Législation | Hongrie | 2004

Mot clé: Bassin/captage/bassin versant, Politique/planification, Planification environnementale, Gestion des resources en eau douce, Eaux souterraines, Eaux superficielles, Monitorage, Eau potable, Aire protégée, Participation du public, Accès-à-l'information, Collecte de données/déclarations

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 219 of 2004 (VII. 21.) Korm. of the Government on the protection of underground waters.

Législation | Hongrie | 2004

Mot clé: Collecte de données/déclarations, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces, Inspection, Monitorage, Infractions/sanctions, Lutte contre la pollution, Principe de précaution, Évaluation des ressources/des dommages, Eaux souterraines, Autorisation/permis, Gestion des resources en eau douce, Prélèvement d'eau

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 101 of 2007 (XII. 23.) KvVM of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Water Management laying down technical requirements for intervention in underground water resources and for water well drilling.

Législation | Hongrie | 2007

Mot clé: Forage de puits/puits, Collecte de données/déclarations, Monitorage, Énergie renouvelable, Eaux thermales et médicinales, Prélèvement d'eau, Droits d'utilisation de l'eau, Ouvrages, Eaux souterraines

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 83 of 2014 (III. 14.) Korm. of the Government concerning the use and the utilization of the flood-bed and riparian zone of watercourses and of the areas endangered by wetlands and underseepage, as well as, in case of rivers, lays down rules concerning drafting and content of the flood-bed management plan.

Législation | Hongrie | 2014

Mot clé: Berge, Lit, Inondation, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Politique/planification, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages, Zones humides

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 90 of 2009 (IV.26.) of the Government laying down rules of prevention and remedy of environmental damage.

Législation | Hongrie | 2007

Mot clé: Réseau d'alerte/intervention d'urgence, Eaux souterraines, Lutte contre la pollution, Aire protégée, Protection de l'habitat, Eaux superficielles, Classement/déclassement, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces, Eaux continentales, Évaluation/gestion des risques, Zones humides, Parcs nationaux, Protection des espèces, Faune sauvage, Flore sauvage

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 115 of 2014 (IV. 3.) Korm of the Government laying down the rules of pricing for agricultural water supply.

Législation | Hongrie | 2014

Mot clé: Redevances pour les eaux, Approvisionnement en eau, Ouvrages, Irrigation, Contrat/accord

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 11 of 2010 (IV. 28.) KvVM of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Water Management on standard flood levels of rivers.

Législation | Hongrie | 2010

Mot clé: Berge, Inondation, Eaux continentales, Normes, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 30 of 2008 (XII. 31.) KvVM of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Water Management laying down technical rules concerning activities and facilities serving for the utilization and protection of waters and for water damage prevention.

Législation | Hongrie | 2008

Mot clé: Eaux usées/déversement, Planification environnementale, Inondation, Eaux souterraines, Eau à usage industriel, Eaux continentales, Navigation, Eaux superficielles, Ouvrages, Politique/planification, Égouts, Gestion des resources en eau douce, Eau potable, Eaux thermales et médicinales, Prélèvement d'eau, Approvisionnement en eau, Lit, Irrigation, Lutte contre la pollution, Pollution des eaux douces/qualité des eaux douces

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Decree No. 146 of 2011 (XII.23.) of the Ministry of Rural Development regarding performance of duties in the field of hydrogeology.

Législation | Hongrie | 2011

Mot clé: Accès-à-l'information, Institution, Gestion des resources en eau douce

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Amendé par

Act No. LXVII of 2004 regarding public interest and implementation of the programme aimed to increase the protection against flood in the Tisza River basin, and for land planning and rural development of the surrounding area (re-development of the Vásárhelyi Plan).

Législation | Hongrie | 2004

Mot clé: Planification territoriale, Expropriation, Lit, Inondation, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Gestion des resources en eau douce, Ouvrages, Zonage, Politique/planification

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Act No. CXLIV of 2009 on water users' associations.

Législation | Hongrie | 2009

Mot clé: Eaux continentales, Entité non-gouvernementale, Politique/planification, Eaux superficielles, Associations d'usagers de l'eau, Ouvrages

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Act CLXXXV of 2012 on waste.

Législation | Hongrie | 2012

Mot clé: Gestion des déchets, Législation de base, Déchets ménagers, Déchets industriels, Transport/dépôt, Élimination de déchets, Recyclage/réemploi, Mouvement transfrontière des déchets, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Déchets dangereux, Infractions/sanctions, Hydrocarbures, Principe pollueur-payeur, Autorisation/permis, Enregistrement, Royalties/redevances, Classement/déclassement, Collecte de données/déclarations, Taxe/impôt, Politique/planification, Lutte contre la pollution, Gouvernance, Commerce intérieur, Commerce international, Entité non-gouvernementale, Pollution par les hydrocarbures, Déchets organiques, Déchets solides, Prévention des déchets, Eaux usées/déversement, Normes environnementales

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Act No. CCXII of 2013 laying down certain provisions and transition rules in connection with Act No CXXII of 2013 concerning agricultural and forestry land trade.

Législation | Hongrie | 2013

Mot clé: Terrains agricoles, Régime foncier, Location, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Propriété, Terres privées, Droits de propriété, Terres publiques, Droit d'usage, Servitude, Transfert, Contrat/accord, Propriété commune, Autorisation/permis, Cadastre/enregistrement des terres, Commission foncière, Petits exploitants/paysans, Taille, Coopérative/organisation de producteurs

Source: FAO, FAOLEX

Act No. CXXVIII of 2011 concerning disaster management and amending certain related acts.

Législation | Hongrie | 2011

Mot clé: Catastrophe, Collecte de données/déclarations, Gouvernance, Substances dangereuses, Réseau d'alerte/intervention d'urgence, Législation de base

Source: FAO, FAOLEX