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Fisheries Jurisdiction case (Spain v. Canada)

Pays/Territoire
Espagne, Canada
Type de cour
Cour internationale
Date
Déc 4, 1998
Source
UNEP, InforMEA
Nom du tribunal
International Court of Justice
Juge
Schwebel
Weeramantry
Oda
Bedjaoui
Guillaume
Ranjeva
Herczegh
Shi
Fleischhauer
Koroma
Vereshchetin
Higgins
Parra-Aranguren
Kooijmans
Rezek
Lalonde
Torres Bernardez
Numéro de référence
General list No. 96
Langue
Anglais
Sujet
Pêche, Mer, Questions juridiques
Mot clé
Pêche maritime Cour/tribunaux Zone de pêche Zone marine Navire de pêche Espèces menacées Aire marine
Résumé
On 9 March 1995, the Estai, a fishing vessel flying the Spanish flag and manned by a Spanish crew, was intercepted and boarded some 245 miles from the Canadian coast, in Division 3L of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) Regulatory Area, by Canadian Government vessels. The vessel was seized and its master arrested on charges of violations of the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act, in particular illegal fishing for Greenland halibut; part of the ship’s catch was confiscated. Spain complained about a violation of the international law in force, since these acts took place outside the 200-mile zone. The Canadian Government stated that it had taken the said measures on basis of the amended Section 2 of the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act. It also stated that the Court lacked jurisdiction to deal with the Application filed by Spain, by reason of paragraph 2 (d) of a Declaration made by Spain on 10 May 1994, whereby Canada accepted the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court but excluded it under certain circumstances. The Court analyzed the question whether the Parties had conferred upon it jurisdiction in respect of that dispute. In order to decide this question, the Court had to interpret subparagraph (d) of paragraph 2 of Canada’s declaration, which excluded the Court’s jurisdiction as follows: "Disputes arising out of or concerning conservation and management measures taken by Canada with respect to vessels fishing in the NAFO Regulatory Area, as defined in the Convention on Future Multilateral Co-operation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries, 1978, and the enforcement of such measures". The Court concluded that the dispute submitted to it by Spain constituted a dispute "arising out of" and "concerning" "conservation and management measures taken by Canada with respect to vessels fishing in the NAFO Regulatory Area" and "the enforcement of such measures". It followed that this dispute came within the terms of the reservation contained in paragraph 2 (d) of the Canadian declaration of 10 May 1994. The Court consequently had no jurisdiction to adjudicate upon the present dispute.
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Références

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Convention sur la pêche et la conservation des ressources vivantes dans la mer Baltique et les Belts

Traité | Multilatéral | Gdansk |

Source: IUCN (ID: TRE-000535)

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Traité | Multilatéral | Geneva |

Mot clé: Zone marine, Gestion/conservation, Gestion et conservation des pêches, Exploration, Relations internationales/coopération, Souveraineté, Cour/tribunaux, Pêche maritime, Haute mer, Règlement des différends

Source: IUCN (ID: TRE-000141)

Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer

Traité | Multilatéral | Montego Bay |

Mot clé: Inspection, Fonds marins, Zone marine, Lutte contre la pollution, Procédures judiciaires/procédures administratives, Périodes, Organisation internationale, Redevances des licences de pêche, Responsabilité/indemnisation, Règlement des différends, Gestion des ressources marines, Pollution de la mer (immersion de déchets), Plateau continental, Re-empoissonnement/repeuplement, Espèces exotiques, Gestion/conservation, Gestion et conservation des pêches, Espèces migratoires, Prises accessoires, Recherche, Générations futures, Pollution de la mer, Utilisation durable, Engins de pêche/méthodes de pêche, Transfert de technologie, Collecte de données/déclarations, Pollution marine (imputable aux navires), Compétence juriductionnelle, Souveraineté, Monitorage, Propriété du navire, EIA, Autorisation/permis, Contrat/accord, Îles, Mise en application, Mammifères marins, ZEE-Zone Economique Exclusive, Cour/tribunaux, Droit d'accès, Pêche maritime, Politique/planification, Exploitation minière, Pollution de l'air à longue distance, Infractions/sanctions, Navigation, Enregistrement, Licence de pêche, Pollution marine (d'origine tellurique), Évaluation/gestion des risques, Volume admissible de captures, Exploration, Relations internationales/coopération, Port, Commerce/industrie/sociétés, Haute mer, Réseau d'alerte/intervention d'urgence, Taille, Éducation

Source: IUCN (ID: TRE-000753)

Convention sur la future coopération multilatérale dans les pêches de l'Atlantique du Nord-Ouest (OPAN)

Traité | Multilatéral | Ottawa |

Mot clé: Mise en application, Organisation internationale, Pêche maritime, Relations internationales/coopération, Poissons marins, Collecte de données/déclarations, Gestion des ressources marines, Gestion et conservation des pêches, Utilisation durable, Mammifères marins

Source: IUCN (ID: TRE-000536)