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Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (Mayo 9, 1992)

Países/Territorios Entrada en vigor Ratification * Fecha de firma simple
Afganistán Dic 18, 2002 Sep 19, 2002 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Albania Ene 1, 1995 Oct 3, 1994 [2] -
Argelia Mar 21, 1994 Jun 9, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Angola Ago 15, 2000 May 17, 2000 [1] Jun 14, 1992
Antigua y Barbuda Mar 21, 1994 Feb 2, 1993 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Argentina Jun 9, 1994 Mar 11, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Armenia Mar 21, 1994 May 14, 1993 [3] Jun 13, 1992
Australia Mar 21, 1994 Dic 30, 1992 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Austria May 29, 1994 Feb 28, 1994 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Azerbaiyán Ago 14, 1995 May 16, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Bahrein Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Barbados Jun 21, 1994 Mar 23, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Bélgica Apr 15, 1996 Ene 16, 1996 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Benin Sep 28, 1994 Jun 30, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Bangladesh Jul 14, 1994 Apr 15, 1994 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Bahamas Jun 28, 1994 Mar 29, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Bhután Nov 23, 1995 Ago 25, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Bosnia y Herzegovina Dic 6, 2000 Sep 7, 2000 [2] -
Burkina Faso Mar 21, 1994 Sep 2, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Belarús Ago 9, 2000 May 11, 2000 [3] Jun 11, 1992
Belice Ene 29, 1995 Oct 31, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de) Ene 1, 1995 Oct 3, 1994 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Botswana Apr 27, 1994 Ene 27, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Brasil May 29, 1994 Feb 28, 1994 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Bulgaria Ago 10, 1995 May 12, 1995 [1] Jun 5, 1992
Burundi Apr 6, 1997 Ene 6, 1997 [1] Jun 11, 1992
República Centroafricana Jun 8, 1995 Mar 10, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Camboya Mar 17, 1996 Dic 18, 1995 [2] -
Canadá Mar 21, 1994 Dic 4, 1992 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Chad Sep 5, 1994 Jun 7, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Chile Mar 22, 1995 Dic 22, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
China Mar 21, 1994 Ene 5, 1993 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Camerún Ene 17, 1995 Oct 19, 1994 [1] Jun 14, 1992
Congo, Rep. Dem. del Apr 9, 1995 Ene 9, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Colombia Jun 20, 1995 Mar 22, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Comoras Ene 29, 1995 Oct 31, 1994 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Congo Ene 12, 1997 Oct 14, 1996 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Costa Rica Nov 24, 1994 Ago 26, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Croacia Jul 7, 1996 Apr 8, 1996 [3] Jun 11, 1992
Cuba Apr 5, 1994 Ene 5, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Cabo Verde Jun 27, 1995 Mar 29, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Chipre Ene 15, 1998 Oct 15, 1997 [1] Jun 12, 1992
República Checa Mar 21, 1994 Oct 7, 1993 [3] Jun 18, 1993
Dinamarca Mar 21, 1994 Dic 21, 1993 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Djibouti Nov 25, 1995 Ago 27, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Dominica Mar 21, 1994 Jun 21, 1993 [2] -
República Dominicana Ene 5, 1999 Oct 7, 1998 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Ecuador Mar 21, 1994 Feb 23, 1993 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Egipto Mar 5, 1995 Dic 5, 1994 [1] Jun 9, 1992
El Salvador Mar 3, 1996 Dic 4, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Guinea Ecuatorial Nov 14, 2000 Ago 16, 2000 [2] -
Eritrea Jul 23, 1995 Apr 24, 1995 [2] -
Estonia Sep 20, 1994 Jun 22, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Etiopía Jul 4, 1994 Apr 5, 1994 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Unión Europea Mar 21, 1994 Dic 21, 1993 [3] Jun 13, 1992
Fiji Mar 21, 1994 Feb 25, 1993 [1] Oct 9, 1992
Finlandia Ago 1, 1994 May 3, 1994 [3] Jun 4, 1992
Francia Jun 23, 1994 Mar 25, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Gabón Apr 21, 1998 Ene 21, 1998 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Gambia Sep 8, 1994 Jun 10, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Reino Unido Mar 21, 1994 Dic 8, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Guinea-Bissau Ene 25, 1996 Oct 27, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Georgia Oct 27, 1994 Jul 29, 1994 [2] -
Alemania Mar 21, 1994 Dic 9, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Ghana Dic 5, 1995 Sep 6, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Grecia Nov 2, 1994 Ago 4, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Granada Nov 9, 1994 Ago 11, 1994 [1] Dic 3, 1992
Guatemala Mar 14, 1996 Dic 15, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Guinea Mar 21, 1994 May 7, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Guyana Nov 27, 1994 Ago 29, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Haití Dic 24, 1996 Sep 25, 1996 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Honduras Ene 17, 1996 Oct 19, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Hungría May 25, 1994 Feb 24, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Islandia Mar 21, 1994 Jun 16, 1993 [1] Jun 4, 1992
India Mar 21, 1994 Nov 1, 1993 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Indonesia Nov 21, 1994 Ago 23, 1994 [1] Jun 5, 1992
Irán, República Islámica del Oct 16, 1996 Jul 18, 1996 [1] Jun 14, 1992
Irlanda Jul 19, 1994 Apr 20, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Israel Sep 2, 1996 Jun 4, 1996 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Italia Jul 14, 1994 Apr 15, 1994 [1] Jun 5, 1992
Côte d'Ivoire Feb 27, 1995 Nov 29, 1994 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Jamaica Apr 6, 1995 Ene 6, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Japón Mar 21, 1994 May 28, 1993 [3] Jun 13, 1992
Jordania Mar 21, 1994 Nov 12, 1993 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Kazajstán Ago 15, 1995 May 17, 1995 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Kenya Nov 28, 1994 Ago 30, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Kiribati May 8, 1995 Feb 7, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Corea, República de Mar 21, 1994 Dic 14, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Kuwait Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [2] -
Kirguistán Ago 23, 2000 May 25, 2000 [2] -
Lao, Rep. Dem. Popular Apr 4, 1995 Ene 4, 1995 [2] -
Letonia Jun 21, 1995 Mar 23, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Liberia Feb 3, 2003 Nov 5, 2002 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Líbano Mar 15, 1995 Dic 15, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Lesotho May 8, 1995 Feb 7, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Libia Sep 14, 1999 Jun 14, 1999 [1] Jun 29, 1992
Liechtenstein Sep 20, 1994 Jun 22, 1994 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Lituania Jun 22, 1995 Mar 24, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Luxemburgo Ago 7, 1994 May 9, 1994 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Macedonia del Norte Apr 28, 1998 Ene 28, 1998 [2] -
Madagascar Sep 2, 1999 Jun 2, 1999 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Malasia Oct 11, 1994 Jul 13, 1994 [1] Jun 9, 1993
Islas Marshall Mar 21, 1994 Oct 8, 1992 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Mauricio Mar 21, 1994 Sep 4, 1992 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Mauritania Apr 20, 1994 Ene 20, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Maldivas Mar 21, 1994 Nov 9, 1992 [1] Jun 12, 1992
México Mar 21, 1994 Mar 11, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Micronesia, Estados Fed. Mar 21, 1994 Nov 18, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Malí Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Sep 30, 1992
Malta Jun 15, 1994 Mar 17, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Malawi Jul 20, 1994 Apr 21, 1994 [1] Jun 10, 1993
Mónaco Mar 21, 1994 Nov 20, 1992 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Moldova, República de Sep 9, 1995 Jun 9, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Mongolia Mar 21, 1994 Sep 30, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Marruecos Mar 27, 1996 Dic 28, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Mozambique Nov 23, 1995 Ago 25, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Myanmar Feb 23, 1995 Nov 25, 1994 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Namibia Ago 14, 1995 May 16, 1995 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Nauru Mar 21, 1994 Nov 11, 1993 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Nepal Jul 31, 1994 May 2, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Niger Oct 23, 1995 Jul 25, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Países Bajos Mar 21, 1994 Dic 20, 1993 [3] Jun 4, 1992
Nicaragua Ene 29, 1996 Oct 31, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Nigeria Nov 27, 1994 Ago 29, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Noruega Mar 21, 1994 Jul 9, 1993 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Nueva Zelandia Mar 21, 1994 Sep 16, 1993 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Omán May 9, 1995 Feb 8, 1995 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Pakistán Ago 30, 1994 Jun 1, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Panamá Ago 21, 1995 May 23, 1995 [1] Mar 18, 1993
Paraguay May 25, 1994 Feb 24, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Palau Mar 9, 2000 Dic 10, 1999 [2] -
Perú Mar 21, 1994 Jun 7, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Filipinas Oct 31, 1994 Ago 2, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Papua Nueva Guinea Mar 21, 1994 Mar 16, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Polonia Oct 26, 1994 Jul 28, 1994 [1] Jun 5, 1992
Portugal Mar 21, 1994 Dic 21, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Corea, Rep. Pop. Dem. de Mar 5, 1995 Dic 5, 1994 [3] Jun 11, 1992
Qatar Jul 17, 1996 Apr 18, 1996 [2] -
Rumania Sep 6, 1994 Jun 8, 1994 [1] Jun 5, 1992
Federación de Russia Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Rwanda Jul 18, 1998 Apr 18, 1998 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Sudáfrica Nov 27, 1997 Ago 29, 1997 [1] Jun 15, 1993
Samoa Feb 27, 1995 Nov 29, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Arabia Saudita Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [2] -
Serbia Jun 10, 2001 Mar 12, 2001 [2] -
Senegal Ene 15, 1995 Oct 17, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Seychelles Mar 21, 1994 Sep 22, 1992 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Sierra Leona Sep 20, 1995 Jun 22, 1995 [1] Feb 11, 1993
Singapur Ago 27, 1997 May 29, 1997 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Eslovaquia Nov 23, 1994 Ago 25, 1994 [3] May 19, 1993
Eslovenia Feb 29, 1996 Dic 1, 1995 [1] Jun 13, 1992
San Marino Ene 26, 1995 Oct 28, 1994 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Islas Salomón Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Jun 13, 1992
España Mar 21, 1994 Dic 21, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Sri Lanka Mar 21, 1994 Nov 23, 1993 [1] Jun 10, 1992
Santa Kitts y Nevis Mar 21, 1994 Ene 7, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Santa Lucía Mar 21, 1994 Jun 14, 1993 [1] Jun 14, 1993
Santo Tomé y Príncipe Dic 28, 1999 Sep 29, 1999 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Sudán Mar 21, 1994 Nov 19, 1993 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Suriname Ene 14, 1998 Oct 14, 1997 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Eswatini Ene 5, 1997 Oct 7, 1996 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Suecia Mar 21, 1994 Jun 23, 1993 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Suiza Mar 21, 1994 Dic 10, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
República Árabe Siria Apr 3, 1996 Ene 4, 1996 [2] -
Tayikistán Apr 7, 1998 Ene 7, 1998 [2] -
Tanzanía, Rep. Unida de Jul 16, 1996 Apr 17, 1996 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Tailandia Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Timor-Leste Ene 8, 2007 Oct 10, 2006 [2] -
Togo Jun 6, 1995 Mar 8, 1995 [3] Jun 12, 1992
Tonga Oct 18, 1998 Jul 20, 1998 [2] -
Trinidad y Tabago Sep 22, 1994 Jun 24, 1994 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Turkmenistán Sep 3, 1995 Jun 5, 1995 [2] -
Túnez Mar 21, 1994 Jul 15, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Turquía May 24, 2004 Feb 24, 2004 [2] -
Tuvalu Mar 21, 1994 Oct 26, 1993 [1] Jun 8, 1992
Emiratos Árabes Unidos Mar 28, 1996 Dic 29, 1995 [2] -
Uganda Mar 21, 1994 Sep 8, 1993 [1] Jun 13, 1992
Ucrania Ago 13, 1997 May 13, 1997 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Uruguay Nov 16, 1994 Ago 18, 1994 [1] Jun 4, 1992
Estados Unidos de América Mar 21, 1994 Oct 15, 1992 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Uzbekistán Mar 21, 1994 Jun 20, 1993 [2] -
Vanuatu Mar 21, 1994 Mar 25, 1993 [1] Jun 9, 1992
Venezuela, Rep. Boliv. de Mar 28, 1995 Dic 28, 1994 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Viet Nam Feb 14, 1995 Nov 16, 1994 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Yemen May 21, 1996 Feb 21, 1996 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Zambia Mar 21, 1994 May 28, 1993 [1] Jun 11, 1992
Zimbabwe Mar 21, 1994 Nov 3, 1992 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Montenegro Ene 21, 2007 Oct 23, 2006 [4] -
Brunei Darussalam Nov 7, 2007 Ago 7, 2007 [2] -
Islas Cook (Nueva Zelandia) Mar 21, 1994 Apr 20, 1993 [1] Jun 12, 1992
Niue (Nueva Zelandia) May 28, 1996 Feb 28, 1996 [2] -
San Vicente y las Granadinas Feb 2, 1997 Dic 2, 1996 [2] -
Iraq Oct 27, 2009 Jul 28, 2009 [2] -
Somalia Dic 10, 2009 Sep 11, 2009 [2] -
Andorra May 31, 2011 Mar 2, 2011 [2] -
Sudán del Sur May 18, 2014 Feb 17, 2014 [2] -
Autoridad Palestina Mar 17, 2016 Dic 18, 2015 [2] -

* [1] Fecha de ratificación [2] Fecha de ascención aprobación [3] Fecha de aceptación [4] Fecha de sucesión [5] Consentimiento en obligarse [6] Fecha de firma definitiva