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Protocolo de la Convención de 1979 sobre la contaminación atmosférica transfronteriza a larga distancia relativo a la financiación a largo plazo del programa concertado de vigilancia continua y evaluación de la transmisión a larga distancia de sustancias contaminantes atmosféricas en Europa (EMEP)

Tipo de documento
Multilateral
Campo de aplicación
Regional/restringido
Fecha
Nov 30, 1999
Fuente
IUCN (ID: TRE-001328)
Título (Inglés)

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-Level Ozone

Título (Francés)

Protocole à la Convention de 1979 sur la pollution atmosphérique transfrontière à longue distance, relatif à la réduction de l'acidification, de l'eutrophisation et de l'ozone troposphérique

Título (Otro)

Protokoll zu dem Übereinkommen von 1979 betreffend die Verringerung von Versauerung, Eutrophierung und bodennahem Ozon

Lugar de adopción
Gothenburg
Depositario
NU Naciones Unidas
Idioma
Inglés, Francés, Ruso
Entrada en vigor
May 17, 2005
Materia
Aire y atmósfera, Desechos y sustancias peligrosas
Palabra clave
Efectos transfronterizos Calidad del aire/contaminación del aire
Resumen

Objective: To control and reduce emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds (VOC).

Summary of provisions: Article 3 specifies the basic obligations which Contracting Parties undertake. Each Party agrees to reduce and maintain the reduction of its annual emissions according to the ceilings and timescales of Annex II and, at a minimum, to control its annual emissions of pollutants (art 3.1). For stationary sources, each Party are to apply the limit values for emissions specified in Annex IV (Sulphur), Annex V (Nitrogen oxides), Annex VI (VOC) no later than the timescale specified in Annex VII for new sources and, when technically and economically feasible, for existing sources (art 3.2 and art 3.3). For new and existing boilers and process heaters, Parties must evaluate limit values no later than two years after the entry into force of the Protocol (art 3.4). Each Party should apply best available techniques to mobile and stationary sources (art 3.6). For VOCs not covered by the present Protocol, Parties agree to take appropriate measures to reduce emissions and to later adopt an annex specifying products controlled, limit values and timescales for the application of limit values (art 3.7). For ammonia, Parties are to apply at a minimum control measures specified in Annex IX and where they consider it appropriate, best available techniques (art 3.8). Parties further undertake to facilitate the exchange of information and technologies and cooperation (art 4) as well as to inform the general public inter alia about emissions, concentrations, health and environmental impacts of pollutants, strategies applied and means individuals and industries may take to reduce emissions (art 5). Finally, Parties undertake to encourage research, development, monitoring and cooperation related inter alia, to calculation methods, assessment of impacts, monitoring techniques as well as the long-term fate and impact of pollutants (art 8).

Institutional mechanisms: Article 7 outlines the Parties reporting obligations under this Protocol. An Implementation Committee reviews compliance by each Party with its obligations (art 9), and Parties review reports and other data at the sessions of the Executive Body (art 10). Article 11 determines a procedure for the settlement of disputes.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

Texto completo
Inglés   Francés   Otro  
Página web
www.unece.org
treaties.un.org

País/Territorio/Participante

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Países Entrada en vigor Ratification * Fecha de firma simple
Alemania
Armenia - -
Austria - -
Bulgaria
Bélgica
Canadá
Chipre -
Croacia
Dinamarca
Eslovaquia
Eslovenia
España
Estados Unidos de América
Estonia -
Finlandia
Francia
Grecia - -
Hungría
Irlanda - -
Italia - -
Letonia
Liechtenstein - -
Lituania -
Luxemburgo
Macedonia del Norte -
Moldova, República de - -
Noruega
Países Bajos
Polonia - -
Portugal
Reino Unido
República Checa
Rumania
Suecia
Suiza
Unión Europea -

* [1] Fecha de ratificación [2] Fecha de ascención aprobación [3] Fecha de aceptación [4] Fecha de sucesión [5] Consentimiento en obligarse [6] Fecha de firma definitiva

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