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Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction

Tipo de documento
Multilateral
Campo de aplicación
Mundial
Fecha
Sep 18, 1997
Fuente
IUCN (ID: TRE-001272)
Título (Francés)

Convention sur l'interdiction de l'emploi, du stockage, de la production et du transfert des mines antipersonnel et sur leur destruction

Título (Otro)

Übereinkommen über das Verbot des Einsatzes, der Lagerung, der Herstellung und der Weitergabe von Antipersonenminen und über deren Vernichtung

Lugar de adopción
Oslo
Depositario
NU Naciones Unidas
Idioma
Árabe, Chino, Inglés, Francés, Ruso, Español
Entrada en vigor
Mar 1, 1999
Materia
Medio ambiente gen.
Palabra clave
Relaciones internacionales/cooperación Recopilación de datos/informes Solución de controversias Actividades militares Transporte/depósito
Resumen

Objective: To put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines.

Summary of provisions: Anti-personnel mine is defined in article 2. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to use anti-personnel mines, to develop, produce or otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone anti- personnel mines (art. 1.1). Each State Party further agrees to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti- personnel mines (art.1.2 and art.4 & 5). Exceptions to these obligations are provided for in article 3 so as to allow for the retention or transfer of mines for the development and training in mine detection, clearance and destruction techniques (art.3.1). Articles 4 and 5 provide for specific deadlines by which to destroy stockpiled or anti-personnel mines in mined areas. Each State Party is to make every effort to identify all areas which are known or suspected to contain mines and ensure that these areas are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means (art.5.2). An extension period beyond the deadline may be requested to a Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference (art.5.3). State Parties have the right to seek and receive assistance where feasible from other State Parties to the extent possible (art.6.1). They undertake to provide assistance for mine clearance (art. 6.4) and for the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs (art. 6.3). Each Party is to take appropriate measures to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control (art.9).

Institutional mechanisms: Each State Party agrees to provide information to the database on mine clearance (art.6.6) and report to the Secretary General of the United Nations a number of other information listed in article 7. A mechanism for facilitation and clarification of compliance is established by article 8; it includes a process of Request for Clarification, expert fact-finding missions and the organisation of a Meeting of the Parties or Special Meeting of the Parties to consider the matter. Each State Party may bring any dispute before the Meeting of the Parties which may contribute to the settlement by whatever means it deems appropriate (art.10). State Parties undertake to meet regularly to consider any matter with regard to the implementation of the Convention (Art. 11) and a Review Conferences are to be convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations (art. 12).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

Texto completo
Inglés   Francés   Español  
Página web
treaties.un.org

País/Territorio/Participante

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Países Entrada en vigor Ratification * Fecha de firma simple
Afganistán -
Albania
Alemania
Andorra
Angola
Antigua y Barbuda
Argelia
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarús -
Belice
Benin
Bhután -
Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de)
Bosnia y Herzegovina
Botswana
Brasil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Bélgica
Cabo Verde
Camboya
Camerún
Canadá
Chad
Chile
Chipre
Colombia
Comoras -
Congo -
Congo, Rep. Dem. del -
Costa Rica
Croacia
Côte d'Ivoire
Dinamarca
Djibouti
Dominica
Ecuador
El Salvador
Eritrea -
Eslovaquia
Eslovenia
España
Estonia -
Eswatini, Reino de -
Etiopía
Fiji
Filipinas
Finlandia -
Francia
Gabón
Gambia
Ghana
Granada
Grecia
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea Ecuatorial -
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haití
Holy See
Honduras
Hungría
Indonesia
Iraq -
Irlanda
Islandia
Islas Cook (Nueva Zelandia) -
Islas Marshall
Islas Salomón
Italia
Jamaica
Japón
Jordania
Kenya
Kiribati -
Kuwait
Lesotho
Letonia -
Liberia -
Liechtenstein
Lituania
Luxemburgo
Macedonia del Norte -
Madagascar -
Malasia
Malawi
Maldivas
Malta
Malí
Mauricio - -
Mauritania
Moldova, República de
Montenegro
Mozambique
México
Mónaco
Namibia
Nauru
Nicaragua
Niger -
Nigeria
Niue (Nueva Zelandia) -
Noruega -
Nueva Zelandia
Omán -
Palau -
Panamá
Papua Nueva Guinea
Paraguay
Países Bajos
Perú
Polonia -
Portugal
Qatar
Reino Unido
República Centroafricana -
República Checa
República Dominicana
Rumania
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
San Vicente y las Granadinas
Santa Kitts y Nevis
Santa Lucía
Santo Tomé y Príncipe
Senegal -
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leona
Somalia -
Sudáfrica
Sudán
Sudán del Sur
Suecia
Suiza
Suriname
Tailandia -
Tanzanía, Rep. Unida de
Tayikistán
Timor-Leste
Togo
Trinidad y Tabago -
Turkmenistán
Turquía
Tuvalu
Túnez
Ucrania -
Uganda
Uruguay
Vanuatu
Venezuela, Rep. Boliv. de
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

* [1] Fecha de ratificación [2] Fecha de ascención aprobación [3] Fecha de aceptación [4] Fecha de sucesión [5] Consentimiento en obligarse [6] Fecha de firma definitiva