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International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78) (Feb. 17, 1978)

Países/Territorios Entrada en vigor Ratification * Fecha de firma simple
Argelia May 1, 1989 Ene 31, 1989 [2] -
Angola Ene 4, 2002 Oct 4, 2001 [2] -
Antigua y Barbuda Apr 29, 1988 Ene 29, 1988 [2] -
Argentina Dic 1, 1993 Ago 31, 1993 [2] -
Australia Ene 14, 1988 Oct 14, 1987 [1] May 30, 1972
Austria Ago 27, 1988 May 27, 1988 [2] -
Azerbaiyán Oct 16, 2004 Jul 16, 2004 [2] -
Barbados Ago 6, 1994 May 6, 1994 [2] -
Bélgica Jun 6, 1984 Mar 6, 1984 [2] -
Benin May 11, 2000 Feb 11, 2000 [2] -
Bangladesh Mar 18, 2003 Dic 18, 2002 [2] -
Bahamas Oct 2, 1983 Jun 7, 1983 [2] -
Belarús Apr 7, 1994 Ene 7, 1994 [2] -
Belice Ago 26, 1995 May 26, 1995 [2] -
Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de) Sep 4, 1999 Jun 4, 1999 [2] -
Brasil Apr 29, 1988 Ene 29, 1988 [1] -
Brunei Darussalam Ene 23, 1987 Oct 23, 1986 [2] -
Bulgaria Mar 12, 1985 Dic 12, 1984 [2] -
Camboya Feb 28, 1995 Nov 28, 1994 [2] -
Canadá Feb 16, 1993 Nov 16, 1992 [2] -
Chile Ene 10, 1995 Oct 10, 1994 [2] -
China Oct 2, 1983 Jul 1, 1983 [2] -
Colombia Oct 2, 1983 Jul 27, 1981 [2] -
Comoras Feb 22, 2001 Nov 22, 2000 [2] -
Congo Dic 7, 2004 Sep 7, 2004 [2] -
Croacia Oct 8, 1991 Oct 8, 1991 [4] -
Cuba Mar 21, 1993 Dic 21, 1992 [2] -
Cabo Verde Oct 4, 2003 Jul 4, 2003 [2] -
Chipre Sep 22, 1989 Jun 22, 1989 [2] -
República Checa Ene 1, 1993 Ene 1, 1993 [4] -
Dinamarca Oct 2, 1983 Nov 27, 1980 [2] -
Djibouti Jun 1, 1990 Mar 1, 1990 [2] -
Dominica Sep 21, 2000 Jun 21, 2000 [2] -
República Dominicana Sep 24, 1999 Jun 24, 1999 [2] -
Ecuador Ago 18, 1990 May 18, 1990 [2] -
Egipto Nov 7, 1986 Ago 7, 1986 [2] -
Guinea Ecuatorial Jul 24, 1996 Apr 24, 1996 [2] -
Estonia Mar 16, 1992 Dic 16, 1991 [2] -
Finlandia Oct 2, 1983 Sep 20, 1983 [2] -
Francia Oct 2, 1983 Sep 25, 1981 [3] Mar 6, 1979
Gabón Oct 2, 1983 Apr 26, 1983 [2] -
Gambia Feb 1, 1992 Nov 1, 1991 [2] -
Reino Unido Oct 2, 1983 May 22, 1980 [1] Ago 24, 1978
Georgia Feb 8, 1995 Nov 8, 1994 [2] -
Alemania Oct 2, 1983 Ene 21, 1982 [1] Nov 16, 1978
Ghana Sep 3, 1991 Jun 3, 1991 [2] -
Grecia Oct 2, 1983 Sep 23, 1982 [2] -
Honduras Nov 21, 2001 Ago 21, 2001 [2] -
Hungría Apr 14, 1985 Ene 14, 1985 [2] -
Islandia Sep 25, 1985 Jun 25, 1985 [2] -
India Dic 24, 1986 Sep 24, 1986 [2] -
Indonesia Ene 21, 1987 Oct 21, 1986 [2] -
Irán, República Islámica del Ene 25, 2003 Oct 25, 2002 [2] -
Irlanda Apr 6, 1995 Ene 6, 1995 [2] -
Israel Oct 2, 1983 Ago 31, 1983 [2] -
Italia Oct 2, 1983 Oct 1, 1982 [2] -
Côte d'Ivoire Ene 5, 1988 Oct 5, 1987 [2] -
Jamaica Jun 13, 1991 Mar 13, 1991 [2] -
Japón Oct 2, 1983 Jun 9, 1983 [2] -
Kazajstán Jun 7, 1994 Mar 7, 1994 [2] -
Kenya Mar 15, 1993 Dic 15, 1992 [2] -
Corea, República de Oct 23, 1984 Jul 23, 1984 [2] -
Letonia Ago 20, 1992 May 20, 1992 [2] -
Liberia Oct 2, 1983 Oct 28, 1980 [1] Oct 24, 1978
Líbano Oct 2, 1983 Jul 18, 1983 [2] -
Libia Jul 28, 2005 Apr 28, 2005 [2] -
Lituania Mar 4, 1992 Dic 4, 1991 [2] -
Luxemburgo May 14, 1991 Feb 14, 1991 [2] -
Madagascar Nov 30, 2005 Ago 30, 2005 [2] -
Malasia May 1, 1997 Ene 31, 1997 [2] -
Islas Marshall Jul 26, 1988 Apr 26, 1988 [2] -
Mauricio Jul 6, 1995 Apr 6, 1995 [2] -
Mauritania Feb 24, 1998 Nov 24, 1997 [2] -
Maldivas Ago 20, 2005 May 20, 2005 [2] -
México Jul 23, 1992 Apr 23, 1992 [1] Jun 1, 1978
Malta Sep 21, 1991 Jun 21, 1991 [2] -
Malawi Mar 17, 2002 Dic 17, 2001 [2] -
Mónaco Nov 20, 1992 Ago 20, 1992 [2] -
Moldova, República de Ene 11, 2006 Oct 11, 2005 [2] -
Mongolia Ene 15, 2004 Oct 15, 2003 [2] -
Marruecos Ene 12, 1994 Oct 12, 1993 [2] -
Mozambique Feb 9, 2006 Nov 9, 2005 [2] -
Myanmar Ago 4, 1988 May 4, 1988 [2] -
Namibia Mar 18, 2003 Dic 18, 2002 [2] -
Países Bajos Oct 2, 1983 Jun 30, 1983 [3] Nov 17, 1978
Nicaragua May 1, 2001 Feb 1, 2001 [2] -
Nigeria Ago 24, 2002 May 24, 2002 [2] -
Noruega Oct 2, 1983 Jul 15, 1980 [2] -
Nueva Zelandia Dic 25, 1998 Sep 25, 1998 [2] -
Omán Jun 13, 1984 Mar 13, 1984 [2] -
Pakistán Feb 22, 1995 Nov 22, 1994 [2] -
Panamá May 20, 1985 Feb 20, 1985 [2] -
Perú Oct 2, 1983 Apr 25, 1980 [2] -
Filipinas Sep 15, 2001 Jun 15, 2001 [2] -
Papua Nueva Guinea Ene 25, 1994 Oct 25, 1993 [2] -
Polonia Jul 1, 1986 Apr 1, 1986 [1] Oct 16, 1978
Portugal Ene 22, 1988 Oct 22, 1987 [2] -
Corea, Rep. Pop. Dem. de Ago 1, 1985 May 1, 1985 [2] -
Qatar Jun 8, 2006 Mar 8, 2006 [2] -
Rumania Jul 15, 1993 Apr 15, 1993 [2] -
Federación de Russia Feb 3, 1984 Nov 3, 1983 [2] -
Sudáfrica Feb 28, 1985 Nov 28, 1984 [2] -
Samoa May 7, 2002 Feb 7, 2002 [2] -
Santo Tomé y Príncipe Ene 29, 1999 Oct 29, 1998 [2] -
Arabia Saudita Ago 23, 2005 May 23, 2005 [2] -
Senegal Apr 16, 1997 Ene 16, 1997 [2] -
Seychelles Feb 28, 1991 Nov 28, 1990 [2] -
Sierra Leona Oct 26, 2001 Jul 26, 2001 [2] -
Singapur Feb 1, 1991 Nov 1, 1990 [2] -
Eslovenia Jun 25, 1991 Jun 25, 1991 [4] -
Eslovaquia Ene 1, 1993 Ene 1, 1993 [4] -
Islas Salomón Sep 30, 2004 Jun 30, 2004 [2] -
España Oct 6, 1984 Jul 6, 1984 [1] May 16, 1979
Sri Lanka Sep 24, 1997 Jun 24, 1997 [2] -
Santa Kitts y Nevis Mar 24, 1998 Dic 24, 1997 [2] -
Santa Lucía Oct 12, 2000 Jul 12, 2000 [2] -
San Vicente y las Granadinas Ene 28, 1984 Oct 28, 1983 [2] -
Suriname Feb 4, 1989 Nov 4, 1988 [2] -
Suecia Oct 2, 1983 Jun 9, 1980 [1] Mar 1, 1979
Suiza Mar 15, 1988 Dic 15, 1987 [2] -
República Árabe Siria Feb 9, 1989 Nov 9, 1988 [2] -
Togo May 9, 1990 Feb 9, 1990 [2] -
Tonga May 1, 1996 Feb 1, 1996 [2] -
Trinidad y Tabago Jun 6, 2000 Mar 6, 2000 [2] -
Túnez Oct 2, 1983 Oct 10, 1980 [2] -
Turquía Ene 10, 1991 Oct 10, 1990 [2] -
Tuvalu Nov 22, 1985 Ago 22, 1985 [2] -
Ucrania Ene 25, 1994 Oct 25, 1993 [2] -
Uruguay Oct 2, 1983 Apr 30, 1979 [6] -
Estados Unidos de América Oct 2, 1983 Ago 12, 1980 [1] Jun 27, 1978
Vanuatu Jul 13, 1989 Apr 13, 1989 [2] -
Venezuela, Rep. Boliv. de Oct 29, 1994 Jul 29, 1994 [2] -
Viet Nam Ago 29, 1991 May 29, 1991 [2] -
Albania Apr 9, 2007 Ene 9, 2007 [2] -
Bahrein Jul 27, 2007 Apr 27, 2007 [2] -
Jordania Sep 2, 2006 Jun 2, 2006 [2] -
Kiribati May 5, 2007 Feb 5, 2007 [2] -
Montenegro Jun 3, 2006 Jun 3, 2006 [4] -
Serbia Jun 3, 2006 Jun 3, 2006 [4] -
Emiratos Árabes Unidos Apr 15, 2007 Ene 15, 2007 [2] -
Guatemala Feb 3, 1998 Nov 3, 1997 [2] -
Guinea Ene 2, 2003 Oct 2, 2002 [2] -
Guyana Mar 10, 1998 Dic 10, 1997 [2] -
Kuwait Nov 7, 2007 Ago 7, 2007 [2] -
Tailandia Feb 2, 2008 Nov 2, 2007 [2] -
El Salvador Dic 24, 2008 Sep 24, 2008 [2] -
Turkmenistán May 4, 2009 Feb 4, 2009 [2] -
Islas Cook (Nueva Zelandia) Jun 12, 2007 Mar 12, 2007 [2] -
Tanzanía, Rep. Unida de Oct 23, 2008 Jul 23, 2008 [2] -
Palau Dic 29, 2011 Sep 29, 2011 [2] -
Niue (Nueva Zelandia) Sep 27, 2012 Jun 27, 2012 [2] -
Camerún Dic 18, 2009 Sep 18, 2009 [2] -
Fiji Jun 8, 2016 Mar 8, 2016 [2] -
Guinea-Bissau Ene 24, 2017 Oct 24, 2016 [2] -
Granada Oct 26, 2018 Jul 26, 2018 [2] -
Iraq May 6, 2018 Feb 6, 2018 [2] -
Uganda Jul 3, 2019 Apr 3, 2019 [2] -

* [1] Fecha de ratificación [2] Fecha de ascención aprobación [3] Fecha de aceptación [4] Fecha de sucesión [5] Consentimiento en obligarse [6] Fecha de firma definitiva