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Treaty regulating the Status of Spitsbergen and conferring the Sovereignty on Norway

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Feb 9, 1920
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000156)
Title (French)

Traité concernant le Spitsberg

Title (Other)

Vertrag über Spitzbergen

Place of adoption
Paris
Depository
France
Language
English, French
Entry into force
Aug 14, 1925
Subject
Wild species & ecosystems
Keyword
Sovereignty Dispute settlement Mining Exploration Access right Ecosystem preservation Hunting/capture Transport/storage Management/conservation Right of use
Abstract

Objectives: To recognise the sovereignty of Norway over the Archipelago of Spitsbergen, including Bear Island, and provide these territories with an equitable regime in order to assure their development and peaceful utilisation. Summary of provisions: Parties recognise the full and absolute sovereignty of Norway over the territories of the Archipelago of Spitsbergen as defined in art. 1, subject to the stipulations of the Treary. Some of these stipulations concern natural resources conservation and use, e.g.: ships and nationals of all Parties are to enjoy equally the rights of fishing and hunting in these territories and in their territorial waters; Norway is free to maintain, take or decree suitable measures to ensure the preservation and, if necessary, the reconstitution of the fauna and flora of the said regions, and their territorial waters (art. 2); nationals of all Parties are to have equal liberty of access and entry to the waters, fjords and ports of the territories specified in art. 1 (art. 3).

Website
emeritus.lovdata.no

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification *
Afghanistan
Albania
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China
Czech Republic
Denmark
Dominican Republic
Egypt
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
India
Italy
Japan
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
Korea, Republic of
Latvia
Lithuania
Monaco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States of America
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature