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Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil thereof (London Version)

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Feb 11, 1971
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000416)
Title (French)

Traité interdisant de placer des armes nucléaires et d'autres armes de destruction massive sur le fond des mers et des océans ainsi que dans leur sous-sol (London Version)

Title (Other)

Vetrag über das Verbot der Anbringung von Kernwaffen und anderen Massenvernichtungswaffen auf dem Meeresboden und im Meeresuntergrund (London Version)

Place of adoption
London; Moscow; Washington D.C.
Depository
Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America
Language
Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
May 18, 1972
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances, Sea
Keyword
Nuclear energy Radioactive pollution Deep sea bed Military activities
Geographical area
Arctic
Abstract

Objective: To exclude the sea bed, the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof from the arms race as a step towards disarmament, the reduction of international tensions and the maintenance of world peace.

Summary of provisions: Parties undertake not to place on the sea bed, on the ocean floor or in the subsoil thereof, nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction, or structures for launching, storing, testing or using such weapons (art. 1). The outer limit of the seabed zone is defined as the 12-mile limit referred to in the Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, 1958 (art. 2). Observers from any Party may observe and verify the activities of any other Party on the seabed. In case of doubt Parties agree to consult and cooperate to remove such doubt by means of inspection and any other agreed procedures. If a serious question still remains concerning the fulfilment of the obligations under the Treaty, a Party may refer the matter to the United Nations Security Council (art. 3).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
English   French  
Website
www.un.org
treaties.fco.gov.uk

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan
Antigua and Barbuda -
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahamas -
Belgium
Benin -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) - -
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
China -
Cyprus
Czech Republic -
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
Ethiopia
Finland
Gambia - -
Germany
Ghana - -
Greece -
Grenada -
Hungary
Iceland
India -
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Lao, People's Dem. Rep.
Latvia -
Lebanon - -
Liechtenstein -
Luxembourg
Malaysia
Malta
Mexico -
Mongolia
Montenegro -
Morocco
Myanmar - -
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Philippines -
Poland
Portugal -
Qatar -
Romania
Rwanda -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone - -
Singapore
Slovakia -
Slovenia -
Solomon Islands -
South Africa -
Spain -
Sudan - -
Sweden
Switzerland
Tunisia
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States of America
Yugoslavia
Zambia -
former USSR/Soviet Union

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

Other references

Legislation
1 record related to this treaty. View legislation
Jurisprudence
1 jurisprudence related to this treaty. View jurisprudence