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Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Jun 3, 1991
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001125)
Title (French)

Traité instituant la Communauté économique africaine

Title (Other)

Abkommen zur Gründung der Afrikanischen Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft

Place of adoption
Abuja
Depository
AU African Union
Language
English, Arabic, French, Portuguese
Entry into force
May 12, 1994
Subject
Energy, Water, Forestry, Environment gen., Waste & hazardous substances, Sea, Wild species & ecosystems
Keyword
Data collection/reporting Capacity building Agro-forestry Nuclear energy Law reform/harmonization/deregulation Sustainable development Transboundary movement of waste Policy/planning Minerals Waste management Agricultural development Special fund Protection of species Farming Management/conservation Tourism Dispute settlement Renewable energy Food security Education Hazardous waste Fishery management and conservation Waste disposal Pollution control Energy conservation/energy production International relations/cooperation
Geographical area
Africa
Abstract

Objectives: To promote economic, social and cultural development and the integration of African economies and to ensure the harmonisation and coordination of environmental protection policies among the States Parties.

Summary of provisions: Chapter VIII, which is devoted to food and agriculture, provides for cooperation among member States in the development of river and lake basins, development and protection of marine and fishery resources, plant and animal protection (art. 46). States Parties are required to ensure the development within their borders of certain basic industries which are identified as conducive to collective self-reliance and to modernisation, and these include forestry and energy industries (art. 49) and to ensure proper application of science and technology to a number of sectors which include energy, and the conservation of the environment (art. 51). Parties are to co-ordinate and harmonise their policies and programmes in the field of energy and natural resources, and to promote new and renewable forms of energy (arts. 54, 55 and 56). They undertake to promote a healthy environment, and, to this end, to adopt national, regional and continental policies, strategies and programmes and establish appropriate industries for environmental development and protection (art. 58). Parties are also to take appropriate measures to ban the importation and dumping of hazardous wastes in their territories, and to cooperate among themselves in the trans-boundary movement, management and processing of such wastes, where these emanate from a member State (art. 59).

Institutional mechanisms: The Treaty establishes an African Economic Community to function as an integral part of the OAU with a common secretariat, common general budget and common machinery of governance with the OAU (arts. 11, 82, 96, 98 and 99). Several specialised technical committees are established including a Committee on Industry, Science and Technology, Natural Resources and Environment (art. 25). Provision is made regarding the settlement of any dispute on the interpretation of the provisions of the Treaty (art. 87).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996) *Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic joint at 1991-06-03

Full text
English  
Website
www.au.int

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde - -
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt - -
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Eswatini, Kingdom of - -
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi - -
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa - -
South Sudan
Sudan
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

References - Treaties

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