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Treaty between the United States of America and Mexico for the utilization of waters of the Colorado and Tijuana Rivers and of the Rio Grande

Document type
Bilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Feb 3, 1944
Source
FAO, FAOLEX;  IUCN (ID: TRE-149721)
Place of adoption
Washington
Language
English
Entry into force
Nov 8, 1945
Subject
Water
Keyword
Flood Priorities International agreement-text Waterworks Bank Inland waters Freshwater quality/freshwater pollution Allocation/quota Freshwater resources management
Geographical area
North America
Basin
Colorado, Tijuana, Rio Grande (North America)
Abstract

The Treaty is composed of twenty-eight articles. It distributes the waters in the international segment of the Rio Grande from Fort Quitman, Texas, to the Gulf of Mexico. Pursuant to article 2 of the Treaty, the name of the International Boundary Commission (IBC) is changed to the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC). Article 3 lists out the order of preferences that shall be used by the IBWC in making provision for the joint use of international waters, namely: 1) domestic and municipal uses; 2) agriculture and stockraising; 3) electric power; 4) other industrial uses; 5) navigation; 6) fishing and hunting; 7) any other beneficial uses which may be determined by the Commission. Preferential attention is given to the solution of border sanitation problems. Main provisions of the Treaty concern the following matters: a) distribution between the two parties of the waters of the Rio Grande and of the Colorado River; b) regulation and conservation of the waters of the Rio Grande for their use by the two parties by joint construction, operation and maintenance of international storage dams and reservoirs and plants for generating hydroelectric energy at the dams; c) protection of lands along the river from floods by levees, floodways and grade-control structures; d) solution of border sanitation and other border water quality problems; e) preservation of the Rio Grande and Colorado River as the international boundary. The Treaty also authorized the two countries to construct, operate and maintain dams on the main channel of the Rio Grande.

Full text
Other  
Website
www.ibwc.state.gov

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force
Mexico -
United States of America -