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The Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity to the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea

Document type
Field of application
May 30, 2014
IUCN (ID: TRE-160027)
Title abbreviation

Ashgabat Protocol

Place of adoption
Iran, Islamic Republic of
English, Russian, Azerbaijani, English, Russian, Kazakh, Turkmen
Sea, Wild species & ecosystems
Monitoring Biodiversity Access-to-information Alien species Capacity building Protection of habitats Protected area Endangered species Ecosystem preservation Genetic resources Sustainable use Transfer EIA Technology transfer Wild flora Marine area Marine protected areas Wild fauna Protection of species
Geographical area
Caspian Sea

The objectives of this Protocol are to protect, preserve and restore the health and integrity of the biological diversity and the ecosystem of the Caspian Sea as well as to ensure the sustainable use of biological resources and in that context: a) To safeguard threatened species, and vulnerable ecosystems, to ensure their long-term viability and diversity; b) To prevent decline, degradation and damage to species, habitats and ecological systems, directed by the precautionary principle; c) To protect and conserve those areas that best represent the high range of species, special habitats, ecological systems and natural and related cultural heritage. (Art. 2)

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Azerbaijan - - -
Iran, Islamic Republic of - -
Kazakhstan - - -
Russian Federation - -
Turkmenistan -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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