Objective: To promote regional cooperation for the development and practical application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes in the interest of sustainable social and economic development of the African continent and to keep Africa free of environmental pollution by radioactive wastes and other radioactive matter.
Summary of provisions: African nuclear weapon free zone is defined in article I. In renunciation of nuclear explosive devices, each Party undertakes inter alia, not to conduct research on, develop, manufacture, stockpile or otherwise acquire, possess or have control over any nuclear explosive device by any means anywhere (art. 3). Each Party also undertakes to prohibit, in its territory, the stationing of any nuclear explosive device (art.4) and not to test any such device (art. 5). Each party agrees to declare any capability for the manufacture of nuclear explosive devices and to dismantle and destroy any such device that it has manufactured prior to the coming into force of the Treaty (art. 6).The Contracting Parties are to effectively implement or use as guidelines the measures contained in the Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa (art. 7.1). They further agree not to take any action to assist or encourage the dumping of radioactive wastes and other radioactive matter anywhere within the African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (art. 7.2). Nothing in this Treaty is to be interpreted as to prevent the use of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes (art.8).
The Treaty has three Protocols. Under Protocol I, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation and China are invited to agree not to use or threaten to use a nuclear explosive device against any Treaty Party or against any territory of a Protocol III Party within the African zone. Under Protocol II, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, the Russian Federation and China are invited to agree not to test or assist or encourage the testing of a nuclear explosive device anywhere with the African zone. Protocol III is open to states with dependent territories in the zone and obligates them to observe certain provisions of the Treaty with respect to these territories; only Spain and France may become Parties to it.
Institutional mechanisms: A procedure for the verification of peaceful uses is established in article 9. Inter alia, to ensure compliance with the undertakings under this Treaty, the Parties agree to establish the African Commission on Nuclear Energy (art. 12 and Annex III) and to submit to it annual reports on their nuclear activities (art.13). A Conference of the Parties is to be convened as soon as possible after entry into force and further conferences are to be held as necessary and at least every two years (art.14). Procedures for complaints and for the settlement of disputes are established in Annex IV.
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)
* Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic: S/20060620