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Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Oct 4, 1991
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001120)
Title (French)

Protocole au Traité de l'Antarctique concernant la protection de l'environnement

Title (Other)

Protokoll zum Antarktis-Vertrag über Umweltschutz

Place of adoption
Madrid
Depository
United States of America
Language
English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Jan 14, 1998
Subject
Air & atmosphere, Mineral resources, Waste & hazardous substances, Sea, Environment gen., Wild species & ecosystems
Keyword
International relations/cooperation Dispute settlement Protected area Protection of habitats Inspection Research Early warning system/emergency intervention system Waste disposal Data collection/reporting International agreement-text Liability/compensation Minerals Protection of species Monitoring Ecosystem preservation EIA Management/conservation Waste management
Abstract

Objectives: To reaffirm the status of Antarctica as a special conservation area, and to enhance the framework for the protection of the Antarctic environment with its dependent and associated ecosystems.

Summary of provisions: Article 3 addresses the environmental principles governing the conduct of States Parties in relation to Antarctica. The basic principle is to protect dependent and associated ecosystems as well as the intrinsic value of Antarctica (art. 3). States Parties undertake to cooperate in the planning and conduct of activities in the area (art. 6). Mineral resource enterprises, save for purposes of scientific research, are prohibited (art. 7). Environmental impact assessments are required for activities that are likely to entail significant adverse environmental consequences (art. 8). Mechanisms are established to undertake consultation and monitor activities carried out by States Parties (arts. 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14). States Parties are responsible for appropriate action to deal with any emergency that may ensue from their activities in Antarctica (art. 15). They agree to report annually on actions taken by them to implement the Protocol (art. 17). Dispute settlement procedures and a schedule on arbitration are established (arts. 18, 19 and 20). The Protocol has the following annexes: environment impact assessment; conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora, waste disposal and waste management, prevention of marine pollution.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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Website
www.ats.aq
www.state.gov
www.state.gov
www.state.gov

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Argentina
Australia
Austria - -
Belarus -
Belgium
Brazil
Bulgaria -
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia - -
Czech Republic
Denmark - -
Ecuador
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary - -
India
Italy
Japan
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. - -
Korea, Republic of
Monaco -
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan -
Peru
Poland
Portugal -
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia - -
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland - -
Ukraine -
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Literature
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