Ecolex Logo
The gateway to
environmental law
Search results » Treaty

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Regional/restricted
Date
Jun 14, 1994
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001194)
Title abbreviation

1994 Sulphur Protocol

Title (French)

Protocole à la Convention sur la pollution atmosphérique à longue distance relatif à une nouvelle réduction des émissions de soufre

Title (Spanish)

Protocolo a la Convención de 1979 sobre la contaminación atmosférica transfronteriza a larga distancia relativo a la reducción ulterior de emisiones de azufre

Title (Other)

Protokoll zur Konvention über weiträumige grenzüberschreitende Luftverunreinigungen betreffend die weitere Reduzierung von Schwefelemissionen

Place of adoption
Oslo
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
English, French, Russian
Entry into force
Aug 5, 1998
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances, Energy, Air & atmosphere
Keyword
Education Long-range air pollution Data collection/reporting Air pollution (non-stationary sources) Monitoring Oil Technology transfer Transboundary effects Energy conservation/energy production Pollution control Emissions Air pollution (stationary sources) Dispute settlement Research Law reform/harmonization/deregulation
Abstract

Objective: To control and reduce sulphur emissions in order to protect human health and the environment from adverse effects.

Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to ensure that depositions of oxidised sulphur compounds in the long term do not exceed critical loads for sulphur in accordance with present scientific knowledge (art.2.1). They are to reduce and maintain their annual sulphur emissions in accordance with the timing and levels specified in annex II (arts.2.2, 2.3). Parties agree to apply emission limits value to all major new stationary combustion sources as well as those major existing stationary combustion sources (art.2.5) and to apply national standards for the sulphur contents of gas oil (art.2.5). In addition, Parties may apply economic instruments to encourage the adoption of cost-effective approaches to the reduction of sulphur emissions (art.2.6). Parties undertake to facilitate the exchange of technologies and techniques to reduce sulphur emissions (art.3.1-3.2). Parties agree to encourage relevant research, development, monitoring and cooperation (art.6). Institutional mechanisms: Each Party is to report relevant information concerning the implementation of the Protocol (art.5). The Protocol contains provisions concerning compliance with the Protocol (art.7) and reviews by the Parties, at sessions of the Executive Body, of the implementation of the Protocol (art.8).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
English   French   Other  
Website
www.unece.org
treaties.un.org

Country/Territory/Participant

See Expanded View Show Map
Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia
Cyprus -
Czech Republic
Denmark
European Union
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Liechtenstein
Lithuania -
Luxembourg
Monaco -
Netherlands
North Macedonia -
Norway
Poland - -
Russian Federation - -
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Ukraine - -
United Kingdom

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

References - Treaties

Enabled by

Other references

Legislation
1 record related to this treaty. View legislation
Literature
3 records related to this treaty. View literature