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Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes

Document type
Field of application
Mar 17, 1998
IUCN (ID: TRE-001298)
Place of adoption
English, Armenian
Entry into force
Aug 21, 2005
Sea, Waste & hazardous substances

Objectives: To control the marine transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous wastes and other wastes in the Protocol Area. Summary of provisions: The Protocol was adopted in the framework of the Regional Organisation for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME). The Area to which it applies is defined in art. 3. Parties agree, inter alia, to ensure that the generation of hazardous wastes or other wastes is reduced to a minimum, prohibit all persons under their jurisdiction from transporting or disposing of such wastes unless such persons are authorised or allowed, require that when hazardous wastes and other wastes are to be the subject of a transboundary movement they are packaged, labelled and transported in conformity with generally accepted and recognised international rules and standards, ensure the effective control of transport and disposal facilities for such wastes, and require that such wastes, when exported, are managed in an environmentally sound manner in the State of import or elsewhere. Under the Protocol, importation of hazardous wastes and other wastes from non-contracting States is prohibited, except if certain conditions are met (art. 5), disposal of such wastes in the Protocol Area is also prohibited, unless they are destined for operations specified in Annex IV Section B (art. 6), and exportation of hazardous wastes and other wastes to non-contracting States is allowed under certain conditions only (art. 7), as is transboundary movement of such wastes between contracting States (art. 8). Art. 10 deals with illegal traffic, and art. 11 provides for a duty to re-import hazardous wastes and other wastes in certain cases. Institutional mechanisms: The ROPME, established under art. XVI of the 1978 Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, is, inter alia, to establish and maintain liaison with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (art. 13). The Council of ROPME is to review the implementation of the Protocol (art. 14).



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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Oman - -
Saudi Arabia -
United Arab Emirates

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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