Objectives: To promote the development, conservation, sustainable management and utilisation of all types of forests and trees, and promote trade in forest products throughout the Region of the SADC. Summary of provisions: Parties agree to co-operate, inter alia, to: - assist and support each other to address issues of common concern including deforestation, genetic erosion, climate change, pests, and invasive alien species, - promote the sustainable management of shared forests, - harmonise approaches to sustainable forest management and forest policy, legislation and enforcement, - and develop adequate mechanisms to ensure the equitable sharing of benefits derived from forest resources. The Protocol further includes provisions on, inter alia, tenure and ownership (art. 5), national forest policies and programmes (art. 8), national forest assessments (art. 9), regional database (art. 10), participation of women in forest management (art. 13), transboundary forests (art. 14), protection of forests (art. 15), industry, trade and investment (art. 17), and research and development (art. 20). Parties undertake to co-operate to develop the forest germplasm collection in the SADC Plant Genetic Resource Centre, with a view to preserving germplasm of forest species (art. 17).