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Protocol for the Protection of the Marine Environment against Pollution from Land-Based Sources

Document type
Field of application
Feb 21, 1990
IUCN (ID: TRE-001129)
Title (French)

Protocole concernant la protection de l'environnement marin contre la pollution d'origine tellurique

Title (Other)

Protokoll zu Verhütung der Meeresverschmutzung vom Land aus

Place of adoption
Kuwait City
Arabic, English, Farsi
Entry into force
Feb 1, 1993
Sea, Waste & hazardous substances
Education Environmental standards Policy/planning Data collection/reporting Waste disposal Marine pollution (land-based sources) Monitoring EIA Transboundary movement of waste Authorization/permit Liability/compensation Pollution control Marine pollution

Objectives: To set out measures to control marine pollution from land- based sources, in particular discharges, in the area covered by the Protocol.

Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to implement action programmes based on pollution source control (art. IV). Giving due consideration to the development of new industries, they undertake to implement, to the extent possible, industrial location planning programmes for joint and/or combined effluent treatment (art. V). Parties agree to develop, adopt and implement, in cooperation with competent international organisations: - regional guidelines/standards/criteria for the quality of sea-water used to protect human health, living resources and ecosystems; - regional regulations for the waste discharge and/or degree of treatment for all significant types of land- based sources; - stricter local regulations for wastes discharge and/or degree of treatment for specific sources based on local pollution problems and desirable water usage considerations. Polluters are required to obtain a permit to discharge from the competent State authorities (art. VI). The Protocol contains provisions concerning inter alia data collection on natural conditions and pollution sources within the Protocol area, environmental impact assessment during planing and implementation of development projects (art. VIII), information exchange (art. XII) and liability for damage (art. XIII).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iraq - - -
Oman -
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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