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Protocol concerning Pollution from Land-Based sources and activities to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region

Document type
Field of application
Oct 6, 1999
IUCN (ID: TRE-001331)
Title abbreviation

LBS Protocol

Title (French)

Protocole relatif à la Pollution due à des sources et activités terrestres à la Convention pour la protection et la mise en valeur du milieu marin dans la région des Caraïbes

Title (Spanish)

Protocolo relativo a la contaminación procedente de fuentes y actividades terrestres del convenio para la protección y el desarrollo del medio marino de la región del Gran Caribe

Place of adoption
English, French, Spanish
Entry into force
Aug 13, 2010
Water, Sea, Air & atmosphere, Waste & hazardous substances
Transboundary effects Hazardous substances Coastal zone management Public participation EIA Data collection/reporting Marine pollution (land-based sources) Effluent waste water/discharge Hazardous waste Marine pollution Waste domestic sources Pollution control Standards Monitoring
Geographical area

Objectives: To implement article 7 of the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region concerning pollution from land-based sources and activities. Summary of provisions: The term 'land-based sources and activities' is defined in article I. Parties undertake to, inter alia, adopt measures with a view to preventing, reducing and controlling pollution of the Convention area from land-based sources and activities, through the development and implementation of national and/or subregional or regional plans and programmes (art. III). In addition, sources categories, activities and associated pollutants listed in Annex I of the Protocol are to be dealt with specifically (art. IV). Parties further agree to, inter alia, monitor and assess the effectiveness of the measures taken to implement the Protocol (art. VI), develop environmental impact assessments (art. VII), develop information systems and networks for the exchange of information (art. VIII), and consult each other when pollution from land-based sources and activities originating from any Party is likely to affect adversely the coastal or marine environment of one or more other Party (art. IX). Public participation and awareness are to be promoted. Institutional mechanisms: Parties are to submit reports to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on their implementation of the Committee is established (art. XIV), and UNEP is designated to carry out Secretariat functions as provided in article XIII. Ordinary meetings of the Parties are to be generally held in conjunction with ordinary meetings of the Parties to the Convention (art. XV).

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Antigua and Barbuda -
Bahamas -
Barbados -
Belize -
Colombia - -
Costa Rica -
Dominican Republic
Grenada -
Guyana -
Honduras -
Jamaica -
Netherlands - -
Panama -
Saint Lucia -
Trinidad and Tobago -
United States of America

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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