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Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks

Document type
Field of application
May 18, 2007
IUCN (ID: TRE-160031)
Title abbreviation

WRC 2007

Title (French)

Convention Internationale de Nairobi sur l´Enlevement des Epaves

Title (Spanish)

Convenio Internacional de Nairobi sobre la Remoción de Restos de Naufragio

Title (Other)

Internationales Übereinkommen von Nairobi von 2007 über die Beseitigung von Wracks

Place of adoption
IMO International Maritime Organization
English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Apr 14, 2015
Oil pollution High seas Wild fauna Marine area Marine fisheries Marine pollution (ship-based sources) Wild flora Hazardous substances Marine pollution Navigation

The Convention provides a sound legal basis for coastal States to remove, or have removed, from their coastlines, wrecks which pose a hazard to the safety of navigation or to the marine and coastal environments, or both. It will make shipowners financially liable and require them to take out insurance or provide other financial security to cover the costs of wreck removal. It will also provide States with a right of direct action against insurers. Articles in the Convention cover: Reporting and locating ships and wrecks - covering the reporting of casualties to the nearest coastal State; warnings to mariners and coastal States about the wreck; action by the coastal State to locate the ship or wreck; criteria for determining the hazard posed by wrecks, including depth of water above the wreck, proximity of shipping routes, traffic density and frequency, type of traffic and vulnerability of port facilities. Environmental criteria such as damage likely to result from the release into the marine environment of cargo or oil are also included; measures to facilitate the removal of wrecks, including rights and obligations to remove hazardous ships and wrecks - which sets out when the shipowner is responsible for removing the wreck and when a State may intervene; liability of the owner for the costs of locating, marking and removing ships and wrecks - the registered shipowner is required to maintain compulsory insurance or other financial security to cover liability under the convention; settlement of disputes. (Source: IMO)

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Albania -
Antigua and Barbuda -
Bahamas -
Bulgaria -
China -
Congo -
Cook Islands (New Zealand) -
Cyprus -
Estonia - -
Finland -
India -
Iran, Islamic Republic of -
Italy - -
Jordan -
Kenya -
Liberia -
Malaysia -
Malta -
Marshall Islands -
Morocco -
Nigeria -
Niue (New Zealand) -
Palau -
Panama -
Romania -
Saint Kitts and Nevis -
South Africa -
Switzerland -
Tonga -
Tuvalu -
United Kingdom -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

References - Treaties