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Lusaka Agreement on Co-operative Enforcement Operations directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora

Document type
Field of application
Sep 8, 1994
IUCN (ID: TRE-001197)
Title (French)

Accord concernant une exécution commune de mesures visant visant à lutter contre le commerce illégal de faune et de flore sauvages

Title (Spanish)

Acuerdo de Lusaka sobre operaciones conjuntas de represión del comercio ilícito de fauna y flora silvestres

Title (Other)

Abkommen über gemeinsame Durchsetzungsmaßnahmen gegen den illegalen Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren und Pflanzen

Place of adoption
UN United Nations
Entry into force
Dec 10, 1996
Wild species & ecosystems
Wild fauna Wildlife products Data collection/reporting Management/conservation National implementation/transposal Wild flora International trade Trade in species International relations/cooperation International agreement-text

Objectives: To reduce and ultimately eliminate illegal trade in wild fauna and flora and to establish a permanent Task Force to this end. Summary of Provisions: The area to which this Agreement applies is defined in article 1. Parties undertake, inter alia, to adopt and enforce measures with a view to investigating and prosecuting cases of illegal trade, to co-operate with one another and with the Task Force, to provide the latter with relevant information and scientific data, and to encourage reporting of illegal trade by the public. Parties also undertake to return to the country of origin or to the country of re-export any specimen of wild fauna and flora confiscated in the course of illegal trade (art. 4). Finally, Parties agree that the Task Force's functions are, inter alia, to facilitate co-operative investigation activities pertaining to illegal trade, to collect, process and disseminate information on illegal trade, and to investigate violations of national laws at the request of the Parties (art. 5). Institutional mechanisms: A Task Force is established, to be known as the Task Force for Co-operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora (art. 5). It will be composed of a Director, Field Officers and an Intelligence Officer. A Governing Council is also established to set the general policies of the Task Force (art. 7).

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Congo -
Eswatini, Kingdom of - -
Ethiopia - -
Lesotho -
Liberia -
South Africa - -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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