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International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Nov 29, 1969
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000120)
Title abbreviation

CLC 1969

Title (French)

Convention internationale sur la responsabilité civile pour des dommages dus à la pollution par les hydrocarbures

Title (Other)

Internationales Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtliche Haftung für Ölverschmutzungsschäden

Place of adoption
Brussels
Depository
IMO International Maritime Organization
Language
English, French
Entry into force
Jun 19, 1975
Subject
Sea, Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Liability/compensation Oil pollution Navigation Polluter pays principle Transport/storage
Geographical area
Arctic
Abstract

Objectives: To ensure that adequate compensation is available to persons who suffer damage caused by pollution resulting from the escape or discharge of oil from ships and to standardise international rules and procedures for determining questions of liability and adequate compensation in such areas.

Summary or provisions: The owner of a ship at the time of an incident causing oil pollution damage is to be liable for any damage so caused, unless the incident is caused by act of war, exceptional natural phenomenon, malicious act of a third party or negligence of a Government or other authority in maintaining navigational aids (art. 3). Contributory liability on the part of the plaintiff may be established in certain cases (art. 3). Where two or more ships have caused such damage, the owners are to be jointly and severally liable (art. 4). Limits to liability are established (art. 5). Ships carrying over 2,000 tons of oil as cargo must maintain insurance (art. 7). Limitations of three and six years for rights of action are provided (art. 8). Warships are excluded (art. 11).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
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Website
www.imo.org

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature Withdrawal
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Australia
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Bahrain -
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Belgium
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Cameroon
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Denmark -
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Dominican Republic -
Ecuador - -
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El Salvador - -
Equatorial Guinea - -
Estonia -
Fiji -
Finland
France
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Georgia - -
Germany
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Greece -
Guatemala -
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Honduras - -
Iceland
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Ireland
Italy
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Jordan - -
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Kenya -
Korea, Republic of -
Kuwait - -
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Libya - -
Luxembourg -
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Mexico -
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Netherlands
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Oman -
Panama
Papua New Guinea -
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Poland
Portugal
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Spain
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Sweden
Switzerland
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Tunisia -
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Tuvalu -
United Arab Emirates - -
United Kingdom
United States of America - - -
Vanuatu -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of -
Yemen -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Literature
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