Objectives: To protect birds in their wild state, considering that in the interests of science, the protection of nature and the economy of each nation, all birds should as a matter of principle be protected.
Summary of provisions: In general, protection is to be given to all birds during the breeding season, to migrants during their flight to their breeding grounds, and to endangered species throughout the year (art. 2). In general, the taking of eggs, shells and young birds is to be prohibited (art. 4). Certain methods of hunting birds are to be prohibited or restricted, e.g. snares, nets, poisoned bait, blinded decoy birds, motor boats and motor vehicles (art. 5). A species found to be a pest in a region may be excepted from protection (art. 6). Exceptions may also be made in the interests of science and education (art. 7). Each party undertakes to draw up lists of birds that may be lawfully taken or killed in compliance with this Convention (art. 8). Parties agree to take measures to prevent destruction of birds by water pollution, electric cables, insecticides and poisons, and to educate children and the public in the need for protection of birds (art. 10). Parties are to establish reserves for breeding birds (art. 11).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)