Objectives: To enhance individual and collective national responsibility and capacity in the prevention and control of industrial accidents, as well as the trans-boundary effects of such accidents with a view to protecting human life and environmental safety.
Summary of provisions: Article 1 defines important terms used in the Convention, such as: industrial accident, hazardous activity and trans-boundary effects. Nuclear accidents or radiological emergencies, accidents at military installations, dam failures, accidental release of genetically modified organisms, spills of oil and other harmful substances at sea are not covered by the Convention (art. 2). Article 3 enumerates the general obligations of the Parties, such as the protection of human beings and the environment, and the taking of legal and policy measures necessary for the prevention of industrial accidents (art. 3). Parties undertake to consult with (art. 4), inform (art. 6), cooperate with, and share in assistance mutually with one another, in the enhancement of preparedness for coping with industrial accidents with trans-boundary effects (arts. 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15 and 16).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)