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Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution

Document type
Field of application
Apr 21, 1992
IUCN (ID: TRE-001149)
Title abbreviation

Bucharest Convention

Title (French)

Convention sur la protection de la Mer Noire contre la pollution

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen zum Schutz des Schwarzen Meers gegen Verschmutzung

Place of adoption
Entry into force
Jan 15, 1994
Waste & hazardous substances, Wild species & ecosystems, Air & atmosphere, Sea
Marine pollution (dumping at sea) Institution Marine pollution (land-based sources) Early warning system/emergency intervention system Waste disposal Management/conservation Oil pollution Air quality/air pollution Navigation Pollution control Standards Maritime zone Research Continental shelf Exploration Aircraft noise Hazardous waste Liability/compensation Marine pollution International agreement-text Monitoring Hazardous substances Marine resources management Transboundary movement of waste Dispute settlement Data collection/reporting Marine pollution (ship-based sources) Transboundary effects Authorization/permit Oil

Objectives: To provide a framework for cooperation in the protection of the marine environment of the Black Sea, the conservation of its living resources, and the enhancement of its amenities.

Summary of provisions: The area of application is defined as the Black Sea with the southern limit marked by the line joining Capes Kelagra and Dalyan (art. I). Article II defines important terms in the Convention, such as: pollution of the marine environment, dumping and harmful substance. Article III establishes the principle of equality in rights and duties of States Parties (art. III). The Convention does not apply to warships, naval auxiliary and other vessels or aircraft used in governmental non-commercial service, but Parties are to ensure that the operation of such vessels does not compromise the principles of the Convention (art. IV). Parties are to ensure the application of the Convention within territorial waters; promote within international organisations measures that will contribute to the protection and preservation of the marine environment of the Black Sea (art. V) and prevent or reduce pollution of the marine environment of the Black Sea (arts. VI, VII, VIII. IX, X, XI, XII, XIII and XIV). The Convention contains provisions for cooperation in scientific and technical arrangements (art. XV).

Institutional mechanisms: A Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution is established (arts. XVII and XVIII). A procedure for the settlement of disputes is set out in article XXV.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

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