Ecolex Logo
The gateway to
environmental law
Search results » Treaty

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Sep 18, 1997
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001272)
Title (French)

Convention sur l'interdiction de l'emploi, du stockage, de la production et du transfert des mines antipersonnel et sur leur destruction

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über das Verbot des Einsatzes, der Lagerung, der Herstellung und der Weitergabe von Antipersonenminen und über deren Vernichtung

Place of adoption
Oslo
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Mar 1, 1999
Subject
Environment gen.
Keyword
Data collection/reporting Dispute settlement International relations/cooperation Transport/storage Military activities
Abstract

Objective: To put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines.

Summary of provisions: Anti-personnel mine is defined in article 2. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to use anti-personnel mines, to develop, produce or otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone anti- personnel mines (art. 1.1). Each State Party further agrees to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti- personnel mines (art.1.2 and art.4 & 5). Exceptions to these obligations are provided for in article 3 so as to allow for the retention or transfer of mines for the development and training in mine detection, clearance and destruction techniques (art.3.1). Articles 4 and 5 provide for specific deadlines by which to destroy stockpiled or anti-personnel mines in mined areas. Each State Party is to make every effort to identify all areas which are known or suspected to contain mines and ensure that these areas are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means (art.5.2). An extension period beyond the deadline may be requested to a Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference (art.5.3). State Parties have the right to seek and receive assistance where feasible from other State Parties to the extent possible (art.6.1). They undertake to provide assistance for mine clearance (art. 6.4) and for the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs (art. 6.3). Each Party is to take appropriate measures to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control (art.9).

Institutional mechanisms: Each State Party agrees to provide information to the database on mine clearance (art.6.6) and report to the Secretary General of the United Nations a number of other information listed in article 7. A mechanism for facilitation and clarification of compliance is established by article 8; it includes a process of Request for Clarification, expert fact-finding missions and the organisation of a Meeting of the Parties or Special Meeting of the Parties to consider the matter. Each State Party may bring any dispute before the Meeting of the Parties which may contribute to the settlement by whatever means it deems appropriate (art.10). State Parties undertake to meet regularly to consider any matter with regard to the implementation of the Convention (Art. 11) and a Review Conferences are to be convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations (art. 12).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

Full text
English   French   Spanish  
Website
treaties.un.org

Country/Territory/Participant

See Expanded View Show Map
Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan -
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus -
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde -
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Central African Republic -
Chad
Chile
Colombia
Comoros -
Congo -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of -
Cook Islands (New Zealand) -
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Côte d'Ivoire
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea -
Estonia -
Eswatini, Kingdom of -
Ethiopia -
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Indonesia
Iraq -
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Latvia -
Lesotho -
Liberia -
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania - -
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova, Republic of
Monaco
Montenegro
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
Netherlands -
New Zealand -
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue (New Zealand) -
North Macedonia -
Norway
Oman -
Palau -
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal -
Qatar
Romania
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia -
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sudan
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Thailand
Timor-Leste -
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan -
Tuvalu -
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay -
Vanuatu
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature