Objective: To put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines.
Summary of provisions: Anti-personnel mine is defined in article 2. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to use anti-personnel mines, to develop, produce or otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone anti- personnel mines (art. 1.1). Each State Party further agrees to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti- personnel mines (art.1.2 and art.4 & 5). Exceptions to these obligations are provided for in article 3 so as to allow for the retention or transfer of mines for the development and training in mine detection, clearance and destruction techniques (art.3.1). Articles 4 and 5 provide for specific deadlines by which to destroy stockpiled or anti-personnel mines in mined areas. Each State Party is to make every effort to identify all areas which are known or suspected to contain mines and ensure that these areas are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means (art.5.2). An extension period beyond the deadline may be requested to a Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference (art.5.3). State Parties have the right to seek and receive assistance where feasible from other State Parties to the extent possible (art.6.1). They undertake to provide assistance for mine clearance (art. 6.4) and for the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs (art. 6.3). Each Party is to take appropriate measures to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control (art.9).
Institutional mechanisms: Each State Party agrees to provide information to the database on mine clearance (art.6.6) and report to the Secretary General of the United Nations a number of other information listed in article 7. A mechanism for facilitation and clarification of compliance is established by article 8; it includes a process of Request for Clarification, expert fact-finding missions and the organisation of a Meeting of the Parties or Special Meeting of the Parties to consider the matter. Each State Party may bring any dispute before the Meeting of the Parties which may contribute to the settlement by whatever means it deems appropriate (art.10). State Parties undertake to meet regularly to consider any matter with regard to the implementation of the Convention (Art. 11) and a Review Conferences are to be convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations (art. 12).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)