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Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (London Version)

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Apr 10, 1972
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000419)
Title (French)

Convention sur l'interdiction de la mise au point, de la fabrication et du stockage des armes bactériologiques (biologiques) et à toxines et sur leur destruction (London Version)

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über das Verbot der Entwicklung, Herstellung und Lagerung von bakteriologischer (biologischer) und von Toxinwaffen sowie über die Vernichtung solcher Waffen (London Version)

Place of adoption
London; Moscow; Washington D.C.
Depository
Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America
Language
Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Mar 26, 1975
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Hazardous substances Toxicity/poisoning Biological agents Military activities
Abstract

Objectives: To prohibit the development of biological weapons and eliminate them, as a step towards general disarmament for the sake of all mankind.

Summary of provisions Each Party undertakes never, under any circumstances, to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: - biological agents or toxins in quantities that have justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; - weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict (art. 1) Parties agree to destroy any existing stockpiles and means of delivery, taking precautions to protect populations and the environment (art. 2). They are not to assist any other State or person to develop such agents, toxins or weapons (art. 3). Complaints regarding breaches of obligations under the Convention are to be reported to the United Nations Security Council (art. 6). State Parties undertake to continue negotiations for the effective prohibition of chemical weapons (art. 9).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
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Website
treaties.fco.gov.uk

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan
Albania -
Algeria -
Antigua and Barbuda -
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan -
Bahamas -
Bahrain -
Bangladesh -
Belgium
Belize -
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam -
Bulgaria
Burundi -
Canada
Chile
China -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Cook Islands (New Zealand) -
Cyprus
Czech Republic -
Czechoslovakia
Côte d'Ivoire -
Denmark
Egypt - -
Eswatini, Kingdom of -
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France -
Gabon - -
Gambia
Georgia -
Germany
Ghana -
Greece - -
Grenada -
Guinea -
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica -
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan -
Kenya -
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Lao, People's Dem. Rep.
Latvia -
Lebanon
Lesotho -
Liberia - -
Liechtenstein -
Lithuania -
Luxembourg
Madagascar -
Malaysia -
Malta -
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico -
Moldova, Republic of -
Monaco
Mongolia -
Montenegro -
Morocco
Mozambique -
Myanmar -
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria - -
North Macedonia -
Norway
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea - -
Peru
Philippines
Poland -
Portugal
Qatar -
Romania
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
San Marino -
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone -
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia -
Solomon Islands
Spain -
Sri Lanka - -
Sudan -
Suriname -
Sweden -
Switzerland -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago - -
Tunisia - -
Turkey -
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia -
Zimbabwe -
former USSR/Soviet Union

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

Other references

Literature
2 records related to this treaty. View literature
Jurisprudence
1 jurisprudence related to this treaty. View jurisprudence