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Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
May 18, 1977
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000140)
Title (French)

Convention sur l'interdiction d'utiliser des techniques de modification de l'environnement à des fins militaires ou toutes autres fins hostiles

Title (Spanish)

Convención sobre la Prohibición de Utilizar Técnicas de Modificación Ambiental con Fines Militares u Otros Fines Hostiles

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über das Verbot der militärischen oder sonstigen feindseligen Nutzung umweltverändernder Techniken

Place of adoption
Geneva
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Oct 5, 1978
Subject
Environment gen.
Keyword
Dispute settlement Institution International relations/cooperation Military activities
Geographical area
Arctic
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To effectively prohibit military or any other hostile use of environmental modifications techniques in order to eliminate the dangers to mankind from such use. Summary of provisions: Each State Party to this Convention undertakes to not engage in military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques having widespread, long lasting or severe effects as the means of destruction, damage or injury to any other State Party (art. I.1). The term environmental modification techniques is defined in Article II. The Convention does not hinder the use of environmental modification techniques for peaceful purposes, and State Parties undertake to facilitate, and have the right to participate, in the exchange of information on the use of these techniques for peaceful purposes (art. III). Each Party agrees to take any measures it considers necessary to prohibit or prevent any activity in violation of the Convention anywhere under its jurisdiction or control (art. IV). The Parties undertake to consult one another and to cooperate in solving any problems which may arise in the provisions of the Convention (art. V.1). For this purpose, the Depositary is to convene a Consultative Committee of Experts (art. V.2 and annex). Institutional mechanisms: Any Party which has reason to believe that any other State Party is acting in breach of its obligations may lodge a complaint with the Security Council of the United Nations (art. V.3-5). Five years after the entry into force of the Convention, a conference of the State Parties is to be convened to review the operation of the Convention. Thereafter, a majority of the State Parties may obtain the convening of a conference with the same objectives (art. VIII). (Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005)

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Website
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Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature Reservation
Afghanistan - -
Algeria - -
Antigua and Barbuda - -
Argentina - -
Armenia - -
Australia -
Austria -
Bangladesh - -
Belarus -
Belgium -
Benin -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) - - -
Brazil -
Bulgaria -
Cabo Verde - -
Cameroon - -
Canada -
Chile - -
China - -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of - - -
Costa Rica - -
Cuba -
Cyprus - -
Czech Republic -
Denmark - -
Dominica -
Egypt - -
Estonia - -
Ethiopia - -
Finland - - -
Germany -
Ghana -
Greece -
Guatemala - -
Holy See -
Honduras -
Hungary - - -
Iceland -
India - - -
Iran, Islamic Republic of -
Iraq -
Ireland - - -
Italy - - -
Japan -
Kazakhstan - -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. - - -
Korea, Republic of - -
Kuwait - -
Kyrgyzstan - -
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. -
Lebanon - - -
Liberia -
Lithuania - - -
Luxembourg - -
Malawi - -
Mauritius - - -
Mongolia - -
Morocco -
Netherlands - -
New Zealand -
Nicaragua -
Niger - - -
Norway -
Pakistan - -
Panama - -
Papua New Guinea - -
Poland - -
Portugal -
Romania - -
Russian Federation -
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - -
Sao Tome and Principe - -
Sierra Leone -
Slovakia - - -
Slovenia - -
Solomon Islands - -
Spain - -
Sri Lanka -
Sweden - -
Switzerland - -
Syrian Arab Republic - -
Tajikistan - - -
Tunisia - -
Turkey -
Uganda - - -
Ukraine - - -
United Kingdom -
United States of America - -
Uruguay -
Uzbekistan -
Viet Nam - -
Yemen - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

Other references

Literature
17 records related to this treaty. View literature
Jurisprudence
1 jurisprudence related to this treaty. View jurisprudence