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Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Dec 29, 1972
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000420)
Title abbreviation

LC 1972

Title (French)

Convention sur la prévention de la pollution des mers résultant de l'immersion de déchets

Title (Spanish)

Convenio sobre la prevención de la contaminación del mar por vertimiento de desechos y otras materias.

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über die Verhütung der Meeresverschmutzung durch das Einbringen von Abfällen und anderen Stoffen

Place of adoption
London; Mexico City; Moscow; Washington D.C.
Depository
IMO International Maritime Organization
Language
English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Aug 30, 1975
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances, Sea
Keyword
Inspection Marine pollution (dumping at sea) Navigation Monitoring Waste disposal Toxicity/poisoning Radioactive waste International organization Radioactive pollution Transport/storage Hazardous waste Marine pollution Biological agents Authorization/permit Oil pollution
Abstract

Objectives: To control pollution of the sea by dumping.

Summary of provisions: The Convention covers all seas, and all deliberate disposal of wastes other than that incidental to the normal operation of e.g. ships and aircraft. Dumping of matter listed in annex I is prohibited. Dumping of matter listed in annex II is allowable only by special permit while dumping of matter listed in annex III is allowable only by general permit (art. 4). Exceptions are permitted only in the case of force majeure or extreme emergency. Parties undertake to establish authorities to issue permits, keep records and monitor the condition of the seas (art. 6). They agree to enforce measures on all flag aircraft and ships, as well as ships and aircraft loading within their territories/territorial seas (art. 7). Parties with particular interests in certain areas of the sea are to enter into regional agreements to prevent marine pollution (art. 8). Moreove, Parties are to collaborate in training personnel, supplying equipment for research and monitoring, and disposing of and treating wastes (art. 9). Procedures are to be developed for assessment of liability and settlement of disputes (art.10). Finally, Parties undertake to promote measures to prevent pollution by hydrocarbons, other matter transported other than for dumping, wastes generated during operation of ships etc., radioactive pollutants and matter originating from exploration of the sea bed (art. 12). This abstract takes into account the amendments of 1993.

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
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Website
www.imo.org

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan -
Antigua and Barbuda -
Argentina
Australia
Azerbaijan -
Barbados -
Belarus
Belgium
Benin -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Brazil -
Bulgaria -
Cabo Verde -
Canada
Chad - -
Chile -
China -
Colombia - -
Congo, Dem. Rep. of -
Costa Rica
Croatia -
Cuba
Cyprus -
Côte d'Ivoire -
Denmark
Dominican Republic
Egypt -
Equatorial Guinea -
Finland
France
Gabon -
Germany
Greece
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
Iran, Islamic Republic of -
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica -
Japan
Jordan
Kenya -
Kiribati -
Korea, Republic of -
Kuwait - -
Lebanon - -
Lesotho - -
Liberia - -
Libya -
Luxembourg
Malta -
Mexico
Monaco
Montenegro -
Morocco
Nauru -
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nigeria -
Norway
Oman -
Pakistan -
Panama
Papua New Guinea -
Peru -
Philippines
Poland -
Portugal
Russian Federation
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Senegal - -
Serbia -
Seychelles -
Sierra Leone -
Slovenia -
Solomon Islands -
Somalia - -
South Africa -
Spain
Suriname -
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of -
Togo - -
Tonga -
Tunisia
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates -
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay - -
Vanuatu -
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Literature
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Jurisprudence
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