Objective: To define and delimit the rights of States to explore and exploit the natural resources of the continental shelf.
Summary of provisions: Coastal States have sovereign and exclusive rights over the continental shelf for the purpose of exploration and exploitation (art. 1). Such exploration or exploitation must not cause unjustifiable interference with navigation, fishing or the conservation of the living resources of the sea, or with oceanographic or other scientific research (art. 5).
(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)