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Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

Document type
Field of application
Oct 12, 1940
IUCN (ID: TRE-000085)
Title (French)

Convention pour la protection de la flore, de la faune et des beautés panoramiques naturelles des pays de l'Amérique

Title (Spanish)

Convención para la protección de la flora, de la fauna, y de la bellezas escénicas naturales de los países de América

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Flora, Fauna und naturnaher Landschaftsbilder in der westlichen Hemisphäre

Place of adoption
Washington D.C.
OAS Organization of American States
English, French, Portuguese, Spanish
Entry into force
May 1, 1942
Wild species & ecosystems
Wild fauna National parks Protection of species Protected area Wild flora Protection of habitats Research Hunting/capture Management/conservation Endangered species
Geographical area
Latin America and the Caribbean, North America

Objectives: To preserve in their natural habitats all species and genera of native American fauna and flora from extinction, and to preserve areas of extraordinary beauty, striking geological formations or regions of aesthetic, historic or scientific value. Summary of provisions: Parties undertake to establish national parks, national reserves, nature monuments, and strict wilderness reserves (art. II). Contracting Governments further agree to endeavour to adopt national measures for the preservation within their boundaries of flora and fauna outside the protected areas referred to in article II (art. V-1). Migratory birds are to be subject to special measures for their preservation and rational utilisation (art. VII). Finally, species listed in the Annex must be provided urgent and complete protection (art. VIII). Contracting Parties accept to co-operate amongst themselves in promoting research and field study in order to further the objectives of the Convention (art. VI). They further undertake to impose controls on trade in protected fauna and flora and any part thereof through a system of trade certificates (art. IX). Institutional mechanisms: This Convention has been signed in the framework of the Pan American Union.


This Convention aims to secure the protection of all species of flora and fauna and their habitats.In addition, it seeks to preserve scenery of great natural beauty, and other sites of geological, aesthetic, historic or scientific value. Largely relates to the establishment of protected areas of various categories for purposes including, but not limited to, provision for migratory birds.No express provision for migratory species other than birds. Prohibits taking in special areas. Provides for international collaboration in scientific activities furthering objective of Convention and publication of results thereof. Requires states to take 'appropriate measures ' for protection of migratory birds of 'economic or aesthetic value' or threatened with extinction. Permits rational utilisation of migratory birds for sport, food, commercial, industrial or scientific purposes. Special protection accorded to certain species where action is needed of special urgency or importance. No such species to be taken except for scientific or other 'essential' purposes. Controls over export, import and transit.

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) - -
Colombia - -
Costa Rica
Cuba - -
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

Other references

7 records related to this treaty. View literature
1 jurisprudence related to this treaty. View jurisprudence