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Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
May 21, 1963
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-000410)
Title (French)

Convention sur la responsabilité civile en matière de dommage nucléaire

Title (Spanish)

Convención de Viena sobre responsabilidad civil por daños nucleares

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtliche Haftung für Nuklearschäden

Place of adoption
Vienna
Depository
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
Language
English, French, Russian, Spanish
Entry into force
Nov 12, 1977
Subject
Waste & hazardous substances
Keyword
Nuclear energy Hazardous waste Law reform/harmonization/deregulation Jurisdictional competence Liability/compensation Radioactive waste
Abstract

Objective: To establish minimum standards to provide financial protection against damage resulting from peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Summary of provisions: The operator of a nuclear installation is liable for nuclear damage on provision of proof that such damage was caused by an incident within the installation, or involving nuclear material originating therefrom or being sent thereto (art. 2). The liability of the operator in such a case is absolute, but the courts may make a finding of contributory negligence on the part of the person suffering such damage. In any case the operator will not be liable if the nuclear incident was due directly to an act of armed conflict, civil war, insurrection or a grave natural disaster of an exceptional character (art. 4). Limits of liability and limitation of action are established (arts. 5 and 6). The operator is to maintain insurance or financial security to cover his liability (art. 7).

(Source: IUCN ELC, 08.2005, based on UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 1996)

Full text
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Website
ola.iaea.org

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature Withdrawal
Argentina -
Armenia - -
Belarus -
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) - -
Bosnia and Herzegovina - -
Brazil - -
Bulgaria - -
Cameroon - -
Chile -
Colombia - - -
Croatia - -
Cuba -
Czech Republic - -
Egypt -
Estonia - -
Hungary - -
Israel - - -
Jordan - -
Kazakhstan - -
Latvia - -
Lebanon -
Lithuania - -
Mexico - -
Moldova, Republic of - -
Montenegro - -
Morocco - -
Niger - - -
Nigeria - -
North Macedonia - -
Peru - -
Philippines - -
Poland -
Romania - -
Russian Federation - -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - -
Saudi Arabia - -
Senegal - -
Serbia - -
Slovakia - -
Slovenia -
Spain -
Trinidad and Tobago - - -
Ukraine - -
United Kingdom - -
Uruguay - - -

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Legislation
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Literature
6 records related to this treaty. View literature