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Convention on Biological Diversity

Document type
Multilateral
Field of application
Global
Date
Jun 5, 1992
Source
IUCN (ID: TRE-001148)
Title abbreviation

CBD

Title (French)

Convention sur la diversité biologique

Title (Spanish)

Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica

Title (Other)

Übereinkommen über die biologische Vielfalt

Place of adoption
Rio de Janeiro
Depository
UN United Nations
Language
English, French, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, Russian
Entry into force
Dec 29, 1993
Subject
Wild species & ecosystems
Keyword
Financing EIA Sustainable use Access and benefit sharing Monitoring Management/conservation Subsidy/incentive Policy/planning Liability/compensation Technology transfer Ecosystem preservation Protection of habitats Alien species Education Genetic resources Research Dispute settlement Institution Data collection/reporting Biotechnology Protected area Crops/grasses Ex-situ conservation Biodiversity Traditional rights/customary rights
Abstract

Objectives: To conserve biological diversity, promote the sustainable use of its components, and encourage equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. Such equitable sharing includes appropriate access to genetic resources, as well as appropriate transfer of technology, taking into account existing rights over such resources and such technology. Summary of provisions: (a) Definition of terms, such as "biological diversity", "biological resources", "biotechnology", "genetic resources" (art. 2); (b) Restatement of the principle of nation sovereignty over domestic natural resources, subject to respect for the rights of other States (art. 4). The Convention, however, places a duty on States Parties to conserve biological diversity within their jurisdiction, as well as outside their jurisdiction in certain cases (art. 4); (c) Requirement of cooperation between States Parties, in preserving biological diversity in areas out of national jurisdiction (art. 5); (d) Conferment of responsibility on States Parties for the formulation and implementation of strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (art. 6). States Parties are required to monitor elements of biological diversity, determining the nature of urgency required in the protection of each category, and in sampling them, in terms of risks to which they are exposed; (e) Attribution of responsibility to States Parties, in respect of in-situ (art. 8) and ex-situ (art. 9) conservation of biological diversity (arts. 12 and 13); (f) Obligation placed on States Parties to provide for research, training, general education and the fostering of awareness, in relation to measures for identification, conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (arts. 12 and 13); (g) Obligation placed on States Parties to provide for environmental impact assessment of projects that are likely to have significant adverse effects on biological diversity (art. 14). States Parties should exchange information and undertake consultation with other States in all cases where proposed national projects are likely to have adverse effects on biological diversity in other States; (h) Provisions concerning assess to genetic resources (art. 15); (i) Provisions on access to transfer technology, for application in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (arts. 16,18 and 19); (j) Provisions on financial resources. The Convention places a duty on States Parties to provide, in accordance with their individual capabilities, financial support for the fulfilment of the objectives of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (arts. 20 and 21); (k) Establishment of a Conference of Parties, with a Secretariat, to keep under review the implementation of the Convention (arts. 20 and 21); (l) Provision for the settlement of disputes (art. 27); The Convention has following annexes: I. Identification and monitoring; II. Arbitration and conciliation. (Source: UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment, 2005)

Full text
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Website
www.cbd.int
treaties.un.org
Online course
Introductory Course to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Country/Territory/Participant

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Countries Entry into force Ratification * Simple signature
Afghanistan
Albania -
Algeria
Andorra -
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina -
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam -
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia -
Cameroon
Canada
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Cook Islands (New Zealand)
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Côte d'Ivoire
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica -
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea -
Eritrea -
Estonia
Eswatini, Kingdom of
Ethiopia
European Union
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia -
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iraq -
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan -
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. -
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia, Fed. States
Moldova, Republic of
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro -
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue (New Zealand) -
North Macedonia -
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau -
Palestinian Authority -
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone -
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia -
South Africa
South Sudan -
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan -
Tanzania, Un. Rep. of
Thailand
Timor-Leste -
Togo
Tonga -
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan -
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America - -
Uruguay
Uzbekistan -
Vanuatu
Venezuela, Boliv. Rep. of
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

* [1] Ratification [2] Accession/approbation [3] Acceptance/approval [4] Succession [5] Consent to be bound [6] Definite signature

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Legislation
72 records related to this treaty. View legislation
Treaty decisions
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Literature
751 records related to this treaty. View literature
Jurisprudence
13 jurisprudence related to this treaty. View jurisprudence